Carlos Vicente Rizzo Sierra

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The objective of the study was to evaluate the safety and tolerance of an infant formula supplemented with Lactobacillus fermentum CECT5716, a probiotic strain isolated from breast milk, in infants of 1-6 months of age. A randomized double blinded controlled study including healthy infants was conducted. One month aged infants received a prebiotic infant(More)
Decreased serum ubiquinone-10 concentrations is a common condition in patients with phenylketonuria (PKU) under dietary treatment. Our aim was to investigate the implication of the metabolic abnormalities of PKU (low concentrations of tyrosine and high concentrations of phenylalanine) and the effect of treatment with phenylalanine-restricted diets in(More)
To demonstrate the presence of endothelial dysfunction (ED) in asymptomatic patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM) by using 13N-ammonia–positron emission tomography (PET). PET can identify ED by quantifying myocardial blood flow (MBF) during rest, cold pressor test (CPT), and pharmacologic stress. The endothelial-dependent vasodilation index (EDVI),(More)
PURPOSE Currently, there is no consensus concerning the possible beneficial colonic and systemic effects of prebiotic-containing infant formula. This study assesses whether the feeding of a galactooligosaccharides (GOS)-containing infant formula (0.44 g/dl of GOS) and the subsequent feeding of a GOS-containing follow-on formula (0.50 g/dl of GOS) have a(More)
AIM To determine the intestinal permeability (IP) as a marker of intestinal epithelial integrity in formula-fed infants compared with healthy breast-fed infants. METHODS IP was measured in 57 healthy infants less than 4 months old. A dual sugar test with lactulose and mannitol was performed. Three urinary ratios were established: lactulose/mannitol (L/M),(More)
Objectives:Treatment for celiac disease (CD) is a lifelong strict gluten-free diet (GFD). Patients should be followed-up with dietary interviews and serology as CD markers to ensure adherence to the diet. However, none of these methods offer an accurate measure of dietary compliance. Our aim was to evaluate the measurement of gluten immunogenic peptides(More)
Takayasu's arteritis is a primary vasculitis that affects large vessels and is characterized by chronic granulomatous inflammation. Diagnosis has been primarily clinical, with verification by angiography as the gold standard. More recently, however, it has become apparent that positron emission tomography enables better evaluation of vascular inflammation.(More)
BACKGROUND Maternal nutrition is the main source of Poly-Unsaturated Fatty Acids (PUFA) for the fetus. PUFA may influence the accumulation of fat in early life. OBJECTIVES & METHODS In 33 breastfed infants born appropriate-for-gestational-age, we studied whether body composition (judged by absorptiometry at 2 wk and 4 mo) relates to PUFA levels (assessed(More)