Carlos V . Cabrera

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A DNA binding and dimerization motif, with apparent amphipathic helices (the HLH motif), has recently been identified in various proteins, including two that bind to immunoglobulin enhancers (E12 and E47). We show here that various HLH proteins can bind as apparent heterodimers to a single DNA motif and also, albeit usually more weakly, as apparent(More)
We have determined the nucleotide sequence of two transcription units of the AS-C and shown that their potential protein coding regions share two principal domains of homology. Both domains are conserved within the myc protein family, and one of them is highly homologous with the consensus for protein tyrosine kinase substrates. We show in addition that at(More)
The expression of a subset of homologous genes of the AS-C is required during embryogenesis and metamorphosis for proper neural development. Here we study the expression of three of these genes (T3, T4, and T5) and show that their transcripts accumulate at the blastoderm stage in periodic patterns coincident with the dorsoventral extent of the(More)
The achaete-scute complex (AS-C) and the daughterless (da) genes encode helix-loop-helix proteins which have been shown to interact in vivo and to be required for neurogenesis. We show in vitro that heterodimers of three AS-C products with DA bind DNA strongly, whereas DA homodimers bind weakly and homo or heterocombinations of AS-C products not at all.(More)
We have determined the nucleotide sequence of two genes of the achaete - scute complex (AS-C) and show that they are homologous to two previously sequenced members of the same locus. These four genes are interspersed with other transcription units of unknown function. We also study the expression of one of these genes by in situ hybridization and compare it(More)
The achaete-scute gene complex (AS-C), involved in differentiation of the sensory chaetes of D. melanogaster, and the yellow locus have been cloned. The yellow locus is the most distal and is followed, proximally, by the achaete and the scute loci. In the scute locus (75 kb), three transcription units separated by long stretches of DNA give rise to poly(A)+(More)
A comparison of the patterns of expression of AS-C (T3) RNA and protein suggests that an important level of regulation occurs post-transcriptionally. First, when the RNA is abundant in the early embryo the protein is barely detectable. Later, the protein starts to accumulate in only a subset of the nuclei of those cells expressing the RNA. Only the cells in(More)
Earlier work suggested that the wingless gene of Drosophila is required for cooperation within discrete groups of cells during development. We show that antisense RNA made from a 3 kb transcript produces wingless mutant phenocopies when injected into wild-type eggs, proving that this transcript executes the wingless function. In the accompanying paper,(More)
The pattern of adult sensilla in Drosophila is established by the dosage-sensitive interaction of two antagonistic groups of genes. Sensilla development is promoted by members of the achaete-scute complex and the daughterless gene whereas it is suppressed by whereas extramacrochaete (emc) and hairy. All these genes encode helix-loop-helix proteins. The(More)
Complementary DNA clones representing cytoplasmic poly(A) RNAs of sea urchin embryos were hybridized with metabolically labeled cytoplasmic RNA preparations and the rates of appearance and of decay for each transcript species were determined at the blastula-gastrula stage of development. The prevalence of the transcripts chosen for this study ranged, on(More)