Carlos Santiago

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INTRODUCTION The axillary reverse mapping (ARM) procedure distinguishes lymphatics draining the arm from those draining the breast. The aim of this study was to assess the ability of ARM to identify and preserve lymphatics draining the arm and the impact on lymphedema. METHODS This study included 220 patients undergoing sentinel lymph node (SLN) biopsy(More)
BACKGROUND Success with skin-sparing mastectomy (SSM) has led to the reconsideration of the necessity to remove the skin overlying the nipple-areola complex. The aim of our study was to compare complications and local recurrence in patients undergoing SSM and total skin-sparing mastectomy (TSSM) with immediate reconstruction. METHODS This IRB-approved(More)
Synthetic pre-mRNAs containing the processing signals encoded by Drosophila melanogaster histone genes undergo efficient and faithful endonucleolytic cleavage in nuclear extracts prepared from Drosophila cultured cells and 0- to 13-h-old embryos. Biochemical requirements for the in vitro cleavage are similar to those previously described for the 3' end(More)
The Echinodermata is a unique animal group forming an early branch in the deuterostomes phylogenetic tree. In echinoids and asteroids a single Hox cluster with nine cognates of the vertebrate Hox paralogous groups has been reported, but no data are available from other echinoderm classes. We report here nine Hox-type sequences from the sea cucumber(More)
The present paper describes functions and procedures of FUTON Radio Over Fiber Manager to operate with upper (network) and lower (physical) layers used in the transport of the wireless signals between a Central Unit (CU) and Remote Antenna Units. Also, it presents some mechanisms and procedures to be used in case of failures, while enabling end-to-end(More)
Statistical shape models have been extensively used in a wide range of applications due to their effectiveness in providing prior shape information for object segmentation problems. The most popular method is the active shape model (ASM). However, accurately fitting the shape model to an object boundary under a cluttered environment is a challenging task.(More)
AIM The objective of the study was to determine the situation concerning mineral metabolism and bone disease in hemodialysis (HD) patients living in the community of Valencia (Spain), as well as the clinical practices for bone disease control in relation to the laboratory targets recommended in the National Kidney Foundation Dialysis Outcomes Quality(More)
3D Active shape models use a set of annotated volumes to learn a shapemodel. The shapemodel is defined by a fixed number of landmarks at specific locations and takes shape constraints into account in the segmentation process. A relevant problem in which these models can be used is the segmentation of the left ventricle in 3D MRI volumes. In this problem,(More)