Carlos S. Galina

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The study was conducted to evaluate the effects of restricted suckling (RS) in dual-purpose cows and calves compared to artificial rearing (AR). Twelve Holstein-Zebu cows with calves were assigned to each treatment. Cows were milked once daily in the morning with calves present to stimulate milk let-down. RS calves suckled 30 min after milking and 30 min in(More)
Through a transrectal ultrasonography (Aloka SSD 500 microplus equipment, linear transducer of 7.5 MHz) a total of 267 observations were performed in a group of 50 females mainly Bos indicus, raised under humid tropical conditions and pregnant from day 20 every other day until day 40 post-artificial insemination (AI). The objective was to measure the size(More)
In order to study the characteristic signs of an induced estrus in beef cattle maintained in the tropics, 31 animals, 16 pure Charolais and 15 Charolais/Brahman cross, were continuously observed during the first 100 hours following prostaglandin injection. The animals were pastured in a field of approximately 3 hectares. A highly significant relationship (P(More)
With the objective of evaluating the effect of methionine supplementation prior to a breeding program, thirty one heifers (Bos taurus x Bos indicus) were used averaging 386  ±  29 days of age and a mean body weight of 402.6  ±  28 kg. Fifteen of the animals received a supplement (SG) during 45 days with molasses-urea mixture (2 kg molasses + 407 g(More)
With the object of comparing reproductive efficiency obtained by natural mating and by artificial insemination (AI), not only following a natural estrus but also after an induced estrus with PGF2Alpha in Zebu cattle in the tropics, 244 adult cows were divided into 4 groups. Group I (N = 69) and Group III (n = 62) were injected with 25 mg of PGF2Alpha when a(More)
A study was undertaken to evaluate the effect of alternating bulls between a single and a multiple sire mating (MSM) program on the reproductive performance of suckled Zebu cows raised under range conditions in the humid tropics of Costa Rica. Multiparous Zebu cows (n=94) suckling calves were distributed between two experimental trials (A and B) consisting(More)
The aim of the present study was to evaluate a culture system as a non-invasive approach intended for assessing the viability of recently thawed embryos prior to transfer. Embryos (n=51) were collected seven days after insemination out of 20 cows that had been treated to synchronize estrus and induce superovulation. Embryos were classified as good, fair,(More)
Thirty-two zebu cows aged three to nine years were given a progestogen implant to determine their oestrous response. The experiment was carried out in two parts: in the first, 15 cows were induced to display oestrus, one animal per day during the dry season; in the second, 17 cows were selected for daily induction during the wet season. The animals were(More)
Ten Gyr cows with a functional corpus luteum were used to evaluate the effects of time and temperature of incubation of blood samples on progesterone (P4) concentrations detected in plasma or serum. From each cow, a blood sample was collected into a flask containing no anticoagulant, another into an heparinized flask and a third into a flask containing(More)
To evaluate the effect of two supplementary diets to determine the consequence on productive and reproductive performance in heifers (Bos indicus x Bos taurus) averaging between 24 and 36 months of age and grazing tropical pastures, two trials were conducted. Thirty animals (initial BW 325.1+/-33.6 kg) were divided in two groups in the initial study:(More)