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The study was conducted to evaluate the effects of restricted suckling (RS) in dual-purpose cows and calves compared to artificial rearing (AR). Twelve Holstein-Zebu cows with calves were assigned to each treatment. Cows were milked once daily in the morning with calves present to stimulate milk let-down. RS calves suckled 30 min after milking and 30 min in(More)
In order to evaluate the effect of protein supplementation on the productive and reproductive performance of heifers, 45 Bos indicus x Bos taurus heifers, 673 +/- 146 days of age and weighing about 340 kg, were divided into two groups. The control group (n = 23) continued without supplementation, but the supplemented group (SG; n = 22) received concentrate(More)
Through a transrectal ultrasonography (Aloka SSD 500 microplus equipment, linear transducer of 7.5 MHz) a total of 267 observations were performed in a group of 50 females mainly Bos indicus, raised under humid tropical conditions and pregnant from day 20 every other day until day 40 post-artificial insemination (AI). The objective was to measure the size(More)
With the object of comparing reproductive efficiency obtained by natural mating and by artificial insemination (AI), not only following a natural estrus but also after an induced estrus with PGF2Alpha in Zebu cattle in the tropics, 244 adult cows were divided into 4 groups. Group I (N = 69) and Group III (n = 62) were injected with 25 mg of PGF2Alpha when a(More)
Although the order of entry to a handling chute is related to social rank, it is still not clear what the consequences are for Zebu cattle of occupying different ranks when being exposed repeatedly to a stressful handling procedure. Eighteen Brahman cows were observed for 243 h to obtain information on social interactions. From that information, indices of(More)
Ten Gyr cows with a functional corpus luteum were used to evaluate the effects of time and temperature of incubation of blood samples on progesterone (P4) concentrations detected in plasma or serum. From each cow, a blood sample was collected into a flask containing no anticoagulant, another into an heparinized flask and a third into a flask containing(More)
With the objective of evaluating the effect of methionine supplementation prior to a breeding program, thirty one heifers (Bos taurus x Bos indicus) were used averaging 386 +/- 29 days of age and a mean body weight of 402.6 +/- 28 kg. Fifteen of the animals received a supplement (SG) during 45 days with molasses-urea mixture (2 kg molasses + 407 g(More)
To evaluate the effect of two supplementary diets to determine the consequence on productive and reproductive performance in heifers (Bos indicus x Bos taurus) averaging between 24 and 36 months of age and grazing tropical pastures, two trials were conducted. Thirty animals (initial BW 325.1+/-33.6 kg) were divided in two groups in the initial study:(More)
In order to evaluate the reproductive effect of a rotational breeding system, the pregnancy rate of 69 Zebu cows was assessed, 32 late postpartum (211 +/- 93 days postpartum, LP) and 37 early postpartum (averaging 63 +/- 8 days after calving, EP). In the LP group, 60% (19/32) were cycling before exposure to the bulls but only 38% (14/37) in the EP group.(More)
Thirty cyclic, non-suckled Brahman cows were divided into three groups, all of which were synchronized sequentially with CIDR-B and observed continuously for 100 h to determine different behavioural oestrus signs. Twenty-four hours after implant withdrawal, all synchronized cows in the group, together with all other cows displaying oestrus, were subjected(More)