Learn More
We searched the Internet for expressions linking topics, such as crime, and vehicles, such as disease, as similes (crime is like a disease) and as metaphors (crime is a disease). We counted the number of times the expressions were accompanied by explanations (crime is like a disease because it spreads by direct personal influence). Similes were more likely(More)
Cocaine addiction is one of the severest health problems faced by western countries, where there is an increasing prevalence of lifelong abuse. The most challenging aspects in the treatment of cocaine addiction are craving and relapse, especially in view of the fact that, at present, there is a lack of effective pharmacological treatment for the disorder.(More)
From November 1984 to April 1989, 122 patients with clinical T2-4a Nx-2 M0 transitional cell carcinoma of the bladder were entered in a prospective randomized trial to compare survival between a control group of 60 patients treated only with radical cystectomy (arm A) and a group of 62 patients treated with 3 cycles of 100 mg./m.2 neoadjuvant cisplatin(More)
Corticotropin releasing factor (CRF), one of the major effectors of stress, plays a major role in the natural course of drug addiction by accelerating the acquisition of psychostimulant self-administration and increasing incentive motivation for the drug itself and for drug-associated stimuli. Stress-induced CRF is also considered a predictor of relapse and(More)
The objective of this study was to determine whether quetiapine plus naltrexone is more effective than naltrexone alone for the treatment of alcohol-dependent patients. This was a double-blind, randomized clinical trial where eligible alcohol-dependent patients were randomized to receive naltrexone (50mg/day) plus quetiapine (25-200mg/day) or naltrexone(More)
AIM Diagnosing attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in patients with substance use disorder (SUD) is a complicated process in which a screening tool may be useful. We analyzed the ASRS-v1.1 validity in patients with SUD, considering the addiction severity and co-morbidity with depressive disorders, antisocial and borderline personality. METHODS(More)
For 84 unique topic-vehicle pairs (e.g., knowledge-power), participants produced associated properties for the topics (e.g., knowledge), vehicles (e.g., power), metaphors (knowledge is power), and similes (knowledge is like power). For these properties, we also obtained frequency, saliency, and connotativeness scores (i.e., how much the properties deviated(More)
AIMS To evaluate the efficacy of central nervous system (CNS) stimulants compared with placebo for the treatment of cocaine dependence. METHODS A systematic review and meta-analysis was carried out. Bibliographic databases were searched, reference lists of retrieved studies were hand-searched and the first authors of each study were contacted. All(More)
BACKGROUND A 12-week, double-blind, randomized, parallel-group clinical trial, comparing olanzapine and placebo treatment together with cognitive-behavioral psychotherapy, was carried out to determine the efficacy, safety, and tolerability of olanzapine in the treatment of alcoholism. METHODS A total of 60 alcohol-dependent patients were assigned to 12(More)
Preclinical studies indicate that brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) is involved in neuroplastic changes underlying enduring cocaine-seeking following withdrawal. However, little is known about temporal changes in serum BDNF levels or the involvement of BDNF in craving and abstinence in early-abstinent cocaine-dependent patients. Twenty-three(More)