Learn More
We searched the Internet for expressions linking topics, such as crime, and vehicles, such as disease, as similes (crime is like a disease) and as metaphors (crime is a disease). We counted the number of times the expressions were accompanied by explanations (crime is like a disease because it spreads by direct personal influence). Similes were more likely(More)
Cocaine addiction is one of the severest health problems faced by western countries, where there is an increasing prevalence of lifelong abuse. The most challenging aspects in the treatment of cocaine addiction are craving and relapse, especially in view of the fact that, at present, there is a lack of effective pharmacological treatment for the disorder.(More)
AIM Diagnosing attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in patients with substance use disorder (SUD) is a complicated process in which a screening tool may be useful. We analyzed the ASRS-v1.1 validity in patients with SUD, considering the addiction severity and co-morbidity with depressive disorders, antisocial and borderline personality. METHODS(More)
Corticotropin releasing factor (CRF), one of the major effectors of stress, plays a major role in the natural course of drug addiction by accelerating the acquisition of psychostimulant self-administration and increasing incentive motivation for the drug itself and for drug-associated stimuli. Stress-induced CRF is also considered a predictor of relapse and(More)
For 84 unique topic-vehicle pairs (e.g., knowledge-power), participants produced associated properties for the topics (e.g., knowledge), vehicles (e.g., power), metaphors (knowledge is power), and similes (knowledge is like power). For these properties, we also obtained frequency, saliency, and connotativeness scores (i.e., how much the properties deviated(More)
From November 1984 to April 1989, 122 patients with clinical T2-4a Nx-2 M0 transitional cell carcinoma of the bladder were entered in a prospective randomized trial to compare survival between a control group of 60 patients treated only with radical cystectomy (arm A) and a group of 62 patients treated with 3 cycles of 100 mg./m.2 neoadjuvant cisplatin(More)
INTRODUCTION Dual diagnosis is the co-occurrence of a substance abuse disorder and a psychiatric condition. Gender has been found to be associated with differences in prevalence of mental disorders as well as outcome, prognosis and treatment-seeking. MATERIAL AND METHODS Articles published in Medline, Web of Science and Journal Citation Reports up to(More)
BACKGROUND Depression is very prevalent in COPD and may be associated with poor clinical outcomes. METHOD This was a multicenter, cross-sectional study aimed at evaluating the prevalence of depression and moderate to severe depression in COPD. Depressive symptoms were evaluated with the Beck's Depression Inventory. The COPD assessment test (CAT) and the(More)
BACKGROUND A 12-week, double-blind, randomized, parallel-group clinical trial, comparing olanzapine and placebo treatment together with cognitive-behavioral psychotherapy, was carried out to determine the efficacy, safety, and tolerability of olanzapine in the treatment of alcoholism. METHODS A total of 60 alcohol-dependent patients were assigned to 12(More)
Drug addiction is a complex neuropsychiatric disorder involving the environmental and genetic factors. Genetic and physiological evidences suggest that the dopaminergic system may play an important role in cocaine abuse and dependence. Several association studies have focused on dopaminergic genes. We genotyped the Int8 and 3'UTR variable number of tandem(More)