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Biogenic amines are organic polycations derived from aromatic or cationic amino acids. All of them have one or more positive charges and a hydrophobic skeleton. Nature has evolved these molecules to play different physiological roles in mammals, but maintains similar patterns for their metabolic and intracellular handling. As deduced from this review, many(More)
Polyamines and histamine are biogenic amines with multiple biological roles. In spite of the evidence for the involvement of both polyamines and histamine metabolism impairment in several highly prevalent pathological conditions, multiple questions concerning the molecular processes behind these effects remain to be elucidated. More comprehensive and(More)
(–)-Epigallocatechin-3-gallate, an antiproliferative and antiangiogenic component of green tea, has been reported to inhibit dopa decarboxylase. In this report, we show that this compound also inhibits histidine decarboxylase, the enzymic activity responsible for histamine biosynthesis. This inhibition was proved by a double approach, activity measurements(More)
Gene regulatory networks constitute the first layer of the cellular computation for cell adaptation and surveillance. In these webs, a set of causal relations is built up from thousands of interactions between transcription factors and their target genes. The large size of these webs and their entangled nature make it difficult to achieve a global view of(More)
Mature, active mammalian histidine decarboxylase is a dimeric enzyme of carboxy-truncated monomers (approximately 53 kDa). By using a biocomputational approach, we have generated a three-dimensional model of a recombinant 1/512 fragment of the rat enzyme, which shows kinetic constants similar to those of the mature enzyme purified from rodent tissues. This(More)
Polyamines are considered as essential compounds in living cells, since they are involved in cell proliferation, transcription, and translation processes. Furthermore, polyamine homeostasis is necessary to cell survival, and its deregulation is involved in relevant processes, such as cancer and neurodegenerative disorders. Great efforts have been made to(More)
Cells are the building blocks of biological complexity. They are complex systems sustained by the coordinated cooperative dynamics of several biochemical networks. Their replication, adaptation and computational features emerge as a consequence of appropriate molecular feedbacks that somehow define what life is. As the last decades have brought the(More)
Two genes are called synthetic lethal (SL) if mutation of either alone is not lethal, but mutation of both leads to death or a significant decrease in organism's fitness. The detection of SL gene pairs constitutes a promising alternative for anti-cancer therapy. As cancer cells exhibit a large number of mutations, the identification of these mutated genes'(More)
Genomic instability is considered by many authors the key engine of tumorigenesis. However, mounting evidence indicates that a small population of drug resistant cancer cells can also be a key component of tumor progression. Such cancer stem cells would define a compartment effectively acting as the source of most tumor cells. Here we study the interplay(More)
We use a modeling and simulation approach to carry out an in silico analysis of the metabolic pathways involving arginine as a precursor of nitric oxide or polyamines in aorta endothelial cells. Our model predicts conditions of physiological steady state, as well as the response of the system to changes in the control parameter, external arginine(More)