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Therapeutic approaches for CKD (chronic kidney disease) have been able to reduce proteinuria, but not diminish the disease progression. We have demonstrated beneficial effects by injection of BM (bone marrow)-derived MSCs (mesenchymal stem cells) from healthy donors in a rat model with CKD. However, it has recently been reported that BM-MSCs derived from(More)
Connective tissue growth factor (CTGF/CCN-2) is mainly involved in the induction of extracellular matrix (ECM) proteins. The levels of CTGF correlate with the degree and severity of fibrosis in many tissues, including dystrophic skeletal muscle. The CTGF overexpression in tibialis anterior skeletal muscle using an adenoviral vector reproduced many of the(More)
Water-retaining hormones are stimulated during pregnancy allowing normal volume expansion. Because pregnant rats actively retain water, we postulate that water deprivation (WD) would cause a greater reduction in plasma volume in pregnant than in nonpregnant rats. To test this hypothesis, Sprague-Dawley pregnant and nonpregnant rats were water-deprived for(More)
We investigated the hypothesis that hypokalemia might induce renal injury via a mechanism that involves subtle renal injury and alterations in local vasoactive mediators that would favor sodium retention. To test this hypothesis, we conducted studies in rats with diet-induced K+ deficiency. We also determined whether rats with hypokalemic nephropathy show(More)
The renin-angiotensin system (RAS), through angiotensin II and the angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE), is involved in the genesis and progression of fibrotic diseases characterized by the replacement of normal tissue by an accumulation of an extracellular matrix (ECM). Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) presents fibrosis and a decrease in muscle strength(More)
Aquaporin-2 (AQP-2) is the vasopressin-regulated water channel expressed in the apical membrane of principal cells in the collecting duct and is involved in the urinary concentrating mechanism. In the rat distal colon, vasopressin stimulates water absorption through an unknown mechanism. With the hypothesis that AQP-2 could contribute to this vasopressin(More)
T he renal kallikrein-kinin system (KKS) is a complex multienzymatic system, the main components of which are the enzyme kal-likrein, the substrate kininogen, effector hormones or kinins (lysyl-bradykinin, bradykinin), metabolizing enzymes (several kininases, the most relevant being kininases I and II [ACE] and neutral endopeptidase 24.11 [NEP]), and an(More)
BACKGROUND Megalin is a large endocytic receptor with relevant functions during development and adult life. It is expressed at the apical surface of several epithelial cell types, including proximal tubule cells (PTCs) in the kidney, where it internalizes apolipoproteins, vitamins and hormones with their corresponding carrier proteins and signaling(More)
Acute renal failure (ARF) is a clinical syndrome characterized by deterioration of renal function over a period of hours or days. The principal causes of ARF are ischemic and toxic insults that can induce tissue hypoxia. Transcriptional responses to hypoxia can be inflammatory or adaptive with the participation of the hypoxia-inducible factor 1alpha and the(More)
The phonological deficit hypothesis of dyslexia has been investigated in the present research by analysing language-related lateralization of the EEG theta band in a sample of dyslexic children. To this aim, a paradigm based on word-pair visual presentation was used in which the same words were processed in Semantic and Phonological tasks. Theta band(More)