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Prostaglandins are local mediators/modulators of kinin effects in the kidney. The prostaglandin G2/H2 synthase (cyclooxygenase, COX) is the key regulatory enzyme of prostanoid synthesis pathway. Two COX isoenzymes (constitutive or COX-1 and inducible or COX-2) have been described in the rat kidney. We have demonstrated the presence of COX-2 in a subset of(More)
The cellular and subcellular localization of immunoreactive kallikrein was studied in the rat kidney using the peroxidase-antiperoxidase (PAP) method for the electron microscope. The effect of various tissue-processing protocols on ultrastructural preservation and immunocytochemical staining was evaluated by fixing kidneys with four different mixtures. The(More)
The subcellular distribution of immunoreactive kallikrein was described in the rat nephron using ultrastructural immunocytochemistry. The renal tissue was fixed with a mixture of buffered picric acid-paraformaldehyde-glutaraldehyde and immunostained with the peroxidase-antiperoxidase method for the electron microscope with the following steps:(More)
Considerable evidence indicates that the connecting tubule cells, a type of cell of the distal nephron which seems to participate on potassium secretion, may be the place where renal kallikrein is synthetized. As potassium secretion and kallikrein synthesis may occur in the same cells, we studied the effect of high potassium diet on renal kallikrein(More)
BACKGROUND The molecular mechanisms of renal injury in diabetic nephropathy (DN) are not completely understood, although inflammatory cells play a key role. The renin-angiotensin system (RAS) is involved in kidney damage; however, few studies have examined the localization of RAS components in human DN. Our aim was to investigate in renal biopsies the(More)
Ischemia-induced acute renal failure (ARF) is a disorder with high morbidity and mortality. ARF is characterized by a regeneration phase, yet its molecular basis is still under study. Changes in gene expression have been reported in ARF, and some of these genes are specific for nephrogenic processes. We tested the hypothesis that the regeneration process(More)
BACKGROUND The molecular mechanisms of renal injury and fibrosis in proteinuric nephropathies are not completely elucidated but the renin-angiotensin system (RAS) is involved. Idiopathic membranous nephropathy (MN), a proteinuric disease, may progress to renal failure. Our aim was to investigate the localization of RAS components in MN and their correlation(More)
Aquaporin-2 (AQP-2) is the vasopressin-regulated water channel expressed in the apical membrane of principal cells in the collecting duct and is involved in the urinary concentrating mechanism. In the rat distal colon, vasopressin stimulates water absorption through an unknown mechanism. With the hypothesis that AQP-2 could contribute to this vasopressin(More)
Adrenalectomized (ADX) and sham-operated rats received either dexamethasone (DEX) or vehicle. Renal tissue was used for morphologic analysis, assessment of cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) protein expression and mRNA accumulation, and quantitation of COX-2 activity. In untreated or shamoperated rats, COX-2 protein was observed in a subset of tubular epithelial(More)
Therapeutic approaches for CKD (chronic kidney disease) have been able to reduce proteinuria, but not diminish the disease progression. We have demonstrated beneficial effects by injection of BM (bone marrow)-derived MSCs (mesenchymal stem cells) from healthy donors in a rat model with CKD. However, it has recently been reported that BM-MSCs derived from(More)