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Prostaglandins are local mediators/modulators of kinin effects in the kidney. The prostaglandin G2/H2 synthase (cyclooxygenase, COX) is the key regulatory enzyme of prostanoid synthesis pathway. Two COX isoenzymes (constitutive or COX-1 and inducible or COX-2) have been described in the rat kidney. We have demonstrated the presence of COX-2 in a subset of(More)
BACKGROUND The molecular mechanisms of renal injury in diabetic nephropathy (DN) are not completely understood, although inflammatory cells play a key role. The renin-angiotensin system (RAS) is involved in kidney damage; however, few studies have examined the localization of RAS components in human DN. Our aim was to investigate in renal biopsies the(More)
BACKGROUND The molecular mechanisms of renal injury and fibrosis in proteinuric nephropathies are not completely elucidated but the renin-angiotensin system (RAS) is involved. Idiopathic membranous nephropathy (MN), a proteinuric disease, may progress to renal failure. Our aim was to investigate the localization of RAS components in MN and their correlation(More)
Therapeutic approaches for CKD (chronic kidney disease) have been able to reduce proteinuria, but not diminish the disease progression. We have demonstrated beneficial effects by injection of BM (bone marrow)-derived MSCs (mesenchymal stem cells) from healthy donors in a rat model with CKD. However, it has recently been reported that BM-MSCs derived from(More)
The renal kallikrein-kinin system and the renin-angiotensin system are implicated in the pathogenesis of diabetic nephropathy. We have shown that renal kallikrein and renin gene expression are altered by diabetes. To investigate the cellular mechanisms responsible for these changes, we examined the effects of acute insulin and insulin-like growth factor I(More)
Recovery from acute renal failure (ARF) requires the replacement of injured cells by new cells that are able to restore tubule epithelial integrity. We have recently described the expression of nephrogenic proteins [Vimentin, neural cell adhesion molecule, basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF), Pax-2, bone morphogen protein-7, Noggin, Smad 1-5-8, p-Smad,(More)
Recovery from acute renal failure (ARF) requires the replacement of injured cells with new cells that restore tubule epithelial integrity. We described recently the expression of a wide range of nephrogenic proteins in tubular cells after ARF induced by ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) (Villanueva S, Cespedes C, and Vio CP. Am J Physiol Regul Integr Comp Physiol(More)
We investigated the hypothesis that hypokalemia might induce renal injury via a mechanism that involves subtle renal injury and alterations in local vasoactive mediators that would favor sodium retention. To test this hypothesis, we conducted studies in rats with diet-induced K+ deficiency. We also determined whether rats with hypokalemic nephropathy show(More)
Recovery from ischemic acute renal failure (ARF) involves a well-described regenerative process; however, recovery from ARF also results in a predisposition to a progressive renal disease that is not well understood. This study sought to identify alterations in renal gene expression in postischemic, recovered animals that might play important roles in this(More)
Ischemia-induced acute renal failure (ARF) is a disorder with high morbidity and mortality. ARF is characterized by a regeneration phase, yet its molecular basis is still under study. Changes in gene expression have been reported in ARF, and some of these genes are specific for nephrogenic processes. We tested the hypothesis that the regeneration process(More)