Carlos Ochoa Sangrador

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INTRODUCTION Upper respiratory tract infections are the more prevalent infections in childhood and it is important to know the use and overuse of antibiotics. The objective of this article is to make a systematic and critical review of the best scientific evidence in bibliography in order to use antibiotics rationally in otorhinolaryngology (ORL)(More)
OBJECTIVE To analyze antimicrobial prescribing habits in children diagnosed with bronchial infections in hospital emergency rooms. METHODS A descriptive study was performed in a random sample of children diagnosed with acute bronchitis and bronchiolitis in the emergency rooms of 11 Spanish hospitals. Information about the type of bronchial infection(More)
Antibiotic treatment of urinary tract infections in adults is usually empirical, and use of urine culture is an exception. The choice of antibiotic is normally made based on the results of published case studies (positive urine cultures), which are used to determine the most probable etiology and likely antimicrobial susceptibility. The results of studies(More)
INTRODUCTION The incidence of type 1 diabetes shows wide geographical variability and heterogeneity. The aim of this study was to determine the incidence and prevalence of type 1 diabetes in children and adolescents ages less than 15 years in the different provinces of Castilla-León. MATERIAL AND METHODS To determine incidence, all new cases of type 1(More)
We present an observation study on the relatioship between high levels of carboxyhemoglobin (COHB) and subclinical poisoning by carbon monoxide (CO) in our health area. The study was carried out in February and March 2000 in 228 over 18-year-old patients of both sexes who went to the Emergency Room for various reasons. After an informed consent was(More)
A review on the etiological profile of urinary tract infections in childhood and the sensitivity pattern of urinary pathogens in Spain is presented. Escherichia coli continues to be the main etiological agent of urinary tract infection in childhood. Consequently, its sensitivity pattern will usually determine the choice of empirical therapy. The(More)
INTRODUCTION There are many studies on the controversial issues involved in the management of acute bronchiolitis (AB). The aim of this multicenter nationwide study in Spain was to find out the variability in the management of AB in various areas of clinical care (primary care, emergency and hospitalization) and to analyze the impact of patient age on(More)
The recommendations of the Consensus Conference "Diagnostic and Therapeutic Management of Acute Bronchiolitis" are presented. Evidence on the frequency of bronchiolitis in the general population and risk groups, risk factors and markers of severe forms, severity scores and the clinical-etiological profile is summarized. The commonly used diagnostic tests(More)
Child day-care attendance is considered to be an acute early childhood disease risk factor, the studies available however not affording the possibility of fully quantifying this risk. A systematic review of clinical trials and cohort studies was conducted, in which the effects child day-care attendance had on the health of young children based on the(More)
INTRODUCTION The management of acute bronchiolitis (AB) is controversial. The aim of this multicenter nationwide study in Spain is to determine the variability in the management of AB in Primary Care centers. METHODS A cross-sectional observational study (from October 2007 to March 2008) was conducted on all cases of AB (McConnochie criteria) seen in a(More)