Carlos Nos

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OBJECTIVE Many patients with multiple sclerosis (MS) are currently receiving treatment with interferon (IFN)-beta. Early identification of nonresponder patients is crucial to try different therapeutic approaches. We investigated various criteria of treatment response to assess which criterion better identifies patients with a poor response. METHODS We(More)
Clinical trials with interferons in relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis have shown a modest effect on disability using fixed definitions of treatment failure to measure disease progression. However, in the course of the disease, treatment failure may be influenced by interrater variability and frequent remissions. Thus, the purpose of this study was to(More)
Natural history studies have identified factors that predict evolution to multiple sclerosis or risk of disability accumulation over time. Although these studies are based on large multicentre cohorts with long follow-ups, they have limitations such as lack of standardized protocols, a retrospective data collection or lack of a systematic magnetic resonance(More)
Optic neuritis presentations are thought to have a better prognosis. The aim of our study was to compare conversion to multiple sclerosis on the different topographies of CISs. We prospectively evaluated 320 patients with CISs (123 with optic neuritis, 78 with brainstem syndromes, 89 with spinal cord syndromes, and 30 with other topographies) who were(More)
Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (CJD) is a heterogenic neurodegenerative disorder associated with abnormal post-translational processing of cellular prion protein (PrP(c)). CJD displays distinctive clinical and pathological features which correlate with the genotype at the codon 129 (methionine or valine: M or V respectively) in the prion protein gene and with(More)
INTRODUCTION The origin of fatigue in multiple sclerosis (MS) remains uncertain. However, the use of nonconventional magnetic resonance techniques has increased our understanding of this problem. We aimed to study the relationship between fatigue in MS and the presence of focal dysfunction in the basal ganglia and frontal white matter. METHODS Included in(More)
Osteopontin (OPN) is a pleiotropic integrin binding protein with functions in cell-mediated immunity, inflammation, tissue repair, and cell survival. Recent studies have shown that OPN may play an important role in the pathogenesis of experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis and multiple sclerosis (MS). Here, we investigated the plasma levels of OPN in 221(More)
BACKGROUND Barkhof criteria have been adopted to demonstrate dissemination in space in the new multiple sclerosis diagnostic criteria because of their high specificity for predicting conversion to multiple sclerosis. One of the 4 Barkhof criteria is the presence of an infratentorial lesion. In clinically isolated syndromes (CIS) of the brainstem (CISB), the(More)
AIMS Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (CJD) is a rapid progressive neurological disease leading to dementia and death. Prion biomarkers are altered in the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) of CJD patients, but the pathogenic mechanisms underlying these alterations are still unknown. The present study examined prion biomarker levels in the brain and CSF of sporadic CJD(More)
OBJECTIVE We aimed to investigate the ability of natalizumab (NTZ)-treated patients to assume treatment-associated risks and the factors involved in such risk acceptance. METHODS From a total of 185 patients, 114 patients on NTZ as of July 2011 carried out a comprehensive survey. We obtained disease severity perception scores, personality traits' scores,(More)