Carlos Milan

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Numerous epidemiological studies have shown that alcohol and tobacco consumption are the main risk factors for oesophageal cancer in Western countries. In these studies, the consumption of both alcohol and tobacco has almost always been measured as current mean intake. The present case-control study investigates the association between alcohol and tobacco(More)
OBJECTIVE Many suicide victims had contacts with an emergency department before their attempt. We aimed to determine whether patients coming to a psychiatric emergency department were well assessed concerning their suicidal risk, and to test an easy to fill in scale rapidly assessing suicidal risk. METHOD We conducted a descriptive epidemiological survey(More)
We compared the energetic costs of some daily activities in two groups, 10 young people (24.3 +/- 2.8 years) and 10 old people (74.4 +/- 2.2 years): rising and sitting back down on a seat, getting up from and lying down on a bed and getting up from the floor. We measured the oxygen consumption and the time necessary for the activities. The results showed a(More)
Traditionally, animal species diversity and abundance is assessed using a variety of methods that are generally costly, limited in space and time, and most importantly, they rarely include a permanent record. Given the urgency of climate change and the loss of habitat, it is vital that we use new technologies to improve and expand global biodiversity(More)
OBJECTIVE In Africa, where growth retardation is highly prevalent, the use of expensive and time-consuming diet assessment techniques is a major obstacle to the collection of dietary data on large samples of children. The 24-h recall could be a valuable alternative. Its validity and reproducibility were assessed by comparison with the precise weighing(More)
In West Africa, the multiple-day weighed record is the most widely used technique for measuring children's food intakes. The children's eating behavior might be disrupted by the frequent weighings and the presence of a field-worker in the home. We explored the possibility of such an "instrument effect" in a 7-d food survey of 70 Senegalese children aged(More)
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