Carlos M. Tilve Álvarez

Learn More
To investigate the role of the N-terminal region in the lytic mechanism of the pore-forming toxin sticholysin II (St II), we studied the conformational and functional properties of peptides encompassing the first 30 residues of the protein. Peptides containing residues 1-30 (P1-30) and 11-30 (P11-30) were synthesized and their conformational properties were(More)
Sticholysins (Sts) I and II (StI/II) are pore-forming toxins (PFTs) produced by the Caribbean Sea anemone Stichodactyla helianthus belonging to the actinoporin family, a unique class of eukaryotic PFTs exclusively found in sea anemones. As for the rest of the members of this family, Sts are cysteine-less proteins, with molecular weights around 20 kDa, high(More)
Sticholysin I (St I) is a pore-forming toxin (PFT) produced by the Caribbean Sea anemone Stichodactyla helianthus belonging to the actinoporin protein family, a unique class of eukaryotic PFT exclusively found in sea anemones. As for actinoporins, it has been proposed that the presence of sphingomyelin (SM) and the coexistence of lipid phases increase(More)
Sticholysins (Sts) I and II (StI/II) are pore-forming toxins (PFTs) produced by the Caribbean Sea anemone Stichodactyla helianthus belonging to the actinoporin family, a unique class of eukaryotic PFTs exclusively found in sea anemones. The role of lipid phase co-existence in the mechanism of the action of membranolytic proteins and peptides is not clearly(More)
Sticholysins I and II (St I and St II) are cytolysins produced by the sea anemone Stichodactyla helianthus. In spite of their 93% sequence homology, St II is more hemolytic against human erythrocytes than St I. In order to establish the possible causes of this difference, we studied the hemolytic activity of synthetic peptides containing sequences from the(More)
Sticholysin II (St II) is a cytolysin produced by the sea anemone Stichodactyla helianthus, characterized by forming oligomeric pores in natural and artificial membranes. In the present work the influence of the membrane lipidic components sphingomyelin (SM) and cholesterol (Cho) on binding and functional activity of St II, was evaluated using ELISA, lipid(More)
The use of pore-forming toxins from sea anemones (actinoporins) in the construction of immunotoxins (ITs) against tumour cells is an alternative for cancer therapy. However, the main disadvantage of actinoporin-based ITs obtained so far has been the poor cellular specificity associated with the toxin's ability to bind and exert its activity in almost any(More)
Sticholysins I and II (St I and St II) are water-soluble toxins produced by the sea anemone Stichodactyla helianthus. St I and St II bind to biological and model membranes containing sphingomyelin (SM), forming oligomeric pores that lead to leakage of internal contents. Here we describe functional and structural studies of the toxins aiming at the(More)
The effect of three cationic surfactants bearing the same polar head group and different chain length (cetyltrimethyl ammonium bromide (CTAB); tetradecyltrimethylammonium bromide (TTAB); dodecyltrimethylammonium bromide (DTAB)) on the conformation and function of the sea anemone pore-forming toxins sticholysins I and II (St I and St II) was studied by(More)
Sticholysin II (St II) is a toxin from the sea anemona Stichodactyla helianthus that produces erythrocytes lysis at low concentration and its activity depends on the presence of calcium. Calcium may act modifying toxin interaction with erythrocyte membranes or activating cellular processes which may result in a modified St II lytic action. In this study we(More)