Carlos M. Loya

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Neuroactive steroids (NASs) have been shown to impact central nervous system (CNS) function through positive allosteric modulation of the GABA(A) receptor (GABA(A)-R). Herein we report the effects on the activity and pharmacokinetic properties of a series of nor-19 pregnanolone analogues bearing a heterocyclic substituent at C-21. These efforts resulted in(More)
Benzodiazepines are the current first-line standard-of-care treatment for status epilepticus but fail to terminate seizures in about one third of cases. Synaptic GABAA receptors, which mediate phasic inhibition in central circuits, are the molecular target of benzodiazepines. As status epilepticus progresses, these receptors are internalized and become(More)
Alterations in the ratio of excitatory to inhibitory transmission are emerging as a common component of many nervous system disorders, including autism spectrum disorders (ASDs). Tonic γ-aminobutyric acidergic (GABAergic) transmission provided by peri- and extrasynaptic GABA type A (GABAA ) receptors powerfully controls neuronal excitability and plasticity(More)
To develop allopregnanolone as a therapeutic for Alzheimer's disease, we investigated multiple formulations and routes of administration in translationally relevant animal models of both sexes. Subcutaneous, topical (transdermal and intranasal), intramuscular, and intravenous allopregnanolone were bolus-administered. Pharmacokinetic analyses of intravenous(More)
Certain classes of neuroactive steroids (NASs) are positive allosteric modulators (PAM) of synaptic and extrasynaptic GABAA receptors. Herein, we report new SAR insights in a series of 5β-nor-19-pregnan-20-one analogues bearing substituted pyrazoles and triazoles at C-21, culminating in the discovery of(More)
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