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BACKGROUND A large proportion of vineyards are located in regions with seasonal drought (e.g. Mediterranean-type climates) where soil and atmospheric water deficits, together with high temperatures, exert large constraints on yield and quality. The increasing demand for vineyard irrigation requires an improvement in the efficiency of water use. Deficit(More)
Grapevine irrigation is becoming an important practice to guarantee wine quality or even plant survival in regions affected by seasonal drought. Nevertheless, irrigation has to be controlled to optimise source to sink balance and avoid excessive vigour. The results we present here in two grapevine varieties (Moscatel and Castelão) during 3 years, indicate(More)
Human papillomavirus (HPV) plays a major role in the etiology of cervical cancer. However, a complex correlation between viral and cellular genes is necessary for cell cycle control deregulation in the progression to invasive cervical cancer (ICC). Cyclin D1 (CCND1) is an important positive regulator of the G1/S phase of the cell cycle. The CCND1 gene is(More)
PURPOSE Promoter hypermethylation is an alternative pathway for gene silencing in neoplastic cells and a promising cancer detection marker. Although quantitative methylation-specific PCR (QMSP) of the GSTP1 promoter has demonstrated near perfect specificity for cancer detection in prostate biopsies, we postulated that identification and characterization of(More)
OBJECTIVE Invasive cervical cancer (ICC) is one of the most common malignant diseases among women, representing almost 10% of all the cancers in the female population. The aim of this study was to explore the association of the CCR2-64I polymorphism with the risk of developing invasive cervical cancer (ICC) from squamous intraepithelial lesions (SILs). (More)
BACKGROUND Leptin has been consistently associated with angiogenesis and tumoral growth. A G/A single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) at the -2548 site in leptin gene (LEP) is associated with overexpression of leptin (A-allele). METHODS We evaluated DNA samples from 268 (536 alleles) unrelated individuals, 118 healthy controls (HCs) and 150 prostate cancer(More)
BACKGROUND Glutathione S-transferase (GST) metabolic enzymes may be involved in the development of human cancer. Genetic polymorphisms have been reported in GSTM1, GSTM3, and GSTT1 with functional alterations and influencing cancer risk. METHODS We analyzed DNA samples from 335 (670 alleles) unrelated individuals, 185 community control subjects, and 150(More)
OBJECTIVES To further determine the value of real-time quantitative methylation-specific polymerase chain reaction (MSP) of GSTP1 as a molecular tool for the detection of prostate adenocarcinoma. Recent studies have shown a high frequency (more than 90%) of GSTP1 gene promotor methylation in prostate adenocarcinoma and a lower frequency in DNA from serum(More)
BACKGROUND The prostate specific antigen (PSA) gene has a polymorphic androgen response element (ARE) sequence with two alleles, A and G. PSA A-allele carriers have higher serum PSA levels in healthy men (HM). METHODS We analysed DNA samples from 278 (556 alleles) unrelated individuals, 127 HM and 151 prostate cancer (PC) patients, for PSA ARE1 genotypes.(More)
AIM To investigate the relationship between the -765G > C COX-2 polymorphism and the development of different gastric lesions: atrophy or intestinal metaplasia and gastric adenocarcinoma. METHODS A cross-sectional study was performed involving 320 Portuguese individuals (210 without evidence of neoplastic disease, 73 patients with gastric adenocarcinomas(More)