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Methyllycaconitine (MLA), alpha-conotoxin ImI, and alpha-bungarotoxin inhibited the release of catecholamines triggered by brief pulses of acetylcholine (ACh) (100 microM, 5 s) applied to fast-superfused bovine adrenal chromaffin cells, with IC50s of 100 nM for MLA and 300 nM for alpha-conotoxin ImI and alpha-bungarotoxin. MLA (100 nM), alpha-conotoxin ImI(More)
The catestatin fragment of chromogranin A is the first known endogenous compound able to inhibit catecholamine release elicited by the activation of neuronal nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (nAChRs) of different animal species and catecholaminergic cell types. However, how catestatin regulates the receptor activity, which subunit combination of the(More)
We studied the effects of the novel Na(+)/Ca(2+) exchange inhibitor KB-R7943, 2-[2-[4-(4-nitrobenzyloxy)phenyl]ethyl]isothiourea methanesulphonate, on the native nicotinic receptors present at the bovine adrenal chromaffin cells, as well as on rat brain alpha(3)beta(4) and alpha(7) nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (AChRs) expressed in Xenopus oocytes. As(More)
Incubation of bovine adrenal chromaffin cells in high K+ (38 mM) during 24-48 h enhanced 2.5 to five times the expression of SNAP-25 protein and mRNA, respectively. This increase was reduced 86% by furnidipine (an L-type Ca2+ channel blocker) but was unaffected by either omega-conotoxin GVIA (an N-type Ca2+ channel blocker) or -agatoxin IVA (a P/Q-type Ca2+(More)
Rat alpha3beta4 or alpha7 neuronal nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (AChRs) were expressed in Xenopus laevis oocytes, and the effects of various toxins and non-toxin Ca2+ channel blockers studied. Nicotinic AChR currents were elicited by 1 s pulses of dimethylphenylpiperazinium (DMPP, 100 microM) applied at regular intervals. The N/P/Q-type Ca2+ channel(More)
This study aimed at determining the distribution and expression levels of different subtypes of Ca(2+) channels in the bovine adrenal medulla, and whether individual subtypes were more abundant in chromaffin cells exhibiting an adrenergic or a noradrenergic phenotype. In situ hybridization using riboprobes specific for the pore-forming Ca(2+) channel(More)
In strips of pig coronary arteries incubated in oxygenated Krebs-bicarbonate solution at 37 degrees C, dotarizine blocked the phasic contractions evoked by 5-HT (0.5 microM) or K+ depolarization (35 mM K+) with an IC50 of 0.22 and 3.7 microM, respectively. Flunarizine inhibited both types of contractions with IC50 values of 1.7 microM for 5-HT and 2.4(More)
We have studied capacitative Ca2+ entry into Xenopus oocytes by depleting intracellular Ca2+ stores with inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate or thapsigargin. Capacitative Ca2+ entry was evoked by hyperpolarisation and monitored via the Ca(2+)-activated Cl- current. Hyperpolarisation-evoked currents increased with extracellular [Ca2+] in the range 0.9-5 mM, and(More)
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