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A CENTRAL PROBLEM in vestibular physiology has been the elucidation of the dynamics of the peripheral vestibular apparatus. Following the development of the torsion-pendulum model by Steinhausen (24, 25), many efforts have been directed toward the determination of the time constants of the model. That the model, itself, might not adequately describe the(More)
Most vestibular nerve afferents can be classified as regularly or irregularly discharging. Two factors are theoretically identified as being potentially responsible for differences in discharge regularity. The first, ascribable to synaptic noise, is the variance (sigma v2) characterizing the transmembrane voltage fluctuations of the axon's spike trigger(More)
1. The response to static tilts was studied in peripheral otolith neurons in the barbiturate-anesthetized squirrel monkey (Saimiri sciureus). Each unit was characterized by a functional polarization vector, which defines the axis of greatest sensitivity. A circumstantial criterion was used to assign units to the inferior (IN) or superior (SN) vestibular(More)
1. The directional selectivity of peripheral otolith neurons was studied in the barbiturate-anesthetized squirrel monkey (Saimiri sciureus). Each unit's most sensitive axis was characterized by a functional polarization vector. The direction of a centrifugal force was varied with respect to the vector and to the macular plane. The neurons respond in an(More)
1. The discharge of peripheral otolith neurons in response to sinusoidal force variations was investigated in the barbiturate-anesthetized squirrel monkey (Saimiri sciureus). The sine waves were superimposed on a background force which biased the end organ so as to excite or inhibit the unit's firing. Both regularly and irregularly discharging neurons were(More)
1. The relation between the response properties of semicircular canal afferents and their peripheral innervation patterns was studied by the use of intra-axonal labeling techniques. Fifty physiologically characterized units were injected with horseradish peroxidase (HRP) or Lucifer yellow CH (LY) and their processes were traced to the crista. The resting(More)
1. The relation between the discharge properties of utricular afferents and their peripheral innervation patterns was studied in the chinchilla by the use of intra-axonal labeling techniques. Fifty-three physiologically characterized units were injected with horseradish peroxidase (HRP) or lucifer yellow CH (LY) and their labeled processes were traced to(More)