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BACKGROUND Myotonic dystrophy types 1 (DM1) and 2 (DM2/proximal myotonic myopathy PROMM) are dominantly inherited disorders with unusual multisystemic clinical features. The authors have characterized the clinical and molecular features of DM2/PROMM, which is caused by a CCTG repeat expansion in intron 1 of the zinc finger protein 9 (ZNF9) gene. METHODS(More)
Three species of cichlids belonging to the genus Symphysodon have demonstrated interspecific and intraspecific variation in nucleolus organizer regions (NOR) detected with silver nitrate. In order to understand the evolution of this marker in the genus, the structural variability of these sequences in mitotic chromosomes from Symphysodon aequifasciatus,(More)
To gain insight into the pathogenesis of thymoma-associated myasthenia gravis, thymocyte maturation was investigated in mixed and cortical thymomas by three-color flow cytometry. Although we detected cells at all recognizable stages, we noted an unusual increased percentage of early CD4+/CD3- thymocytes--especially in mixed thymoma--and a pronounced(More)
The family of matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) comprises endopeptidases that are capable of degrading all extracellular matrix components. Given these actions, it is conceivable that MMPs may play a pathogenic role in inflammatory myopathies. These immune-mediated disorders are characterized by the invasion of mononuclear phagocytes and T lymphocytes and(More)
The skeletal muscle ryanodine receptor gene (RYR1; OMIM 180901) on chromosome 19q13.1 encodes the skeletal muscle calcium release channel. To date, more than 25 missense mutations have been identified in RYR1 and are associated with central core disease (CCD; OMIM 117000) and/or the malignant hyperthermia susceptibility phenotype (MHS1; OMIM 145600). The(More)
We performed genetic linkage analysis in nine German proximal myotonic myopathy (PROMM) families using DNA-markers D3S1541 and D3S1589 from the region of the recently discovered gene locus of myotonic dystrophy type 2 (DM2) on chromosome 3q. Two-point analysis supplied an lod score of 5.9. We conclude that a gene causing PROMM is located on chromosome 3q.(More)
As part of a genetic screening program for wild Discus fishes, we analyzed karyotypes and cytogenetic characteristics of Symphysodon aequifasciatus, S. discus and S. haraldi using C-banding and fluorescent in situ hybridization (FISH) with the Rex3 retrotransposon and 5S rDNA probes in mitotic and meiotic chromosomes. In the 3 species, diploid chromosome(More)
Cichlids are important in the aquaculture and ornamental fish trade and are considered models for evolutionary biology. However, most studies of cichlids have investigated African species, and the South American cichlids remain poorly characterized. Studies in neotropical regions have focused almost exclusively on classical cytogenetic approaches without(More)
We describe a father and daughter with a rigid spine syndrome and proximal myopathy. The index patient was a 42-year-old man, who died from respiratory failure after a lifelong, slowly progressive proximal myopathy and a rigid spine phenotype. This was morphologically characterized by cytoplasmic bodies, increased desmin, features of reducing-body myopathy,(More)
Using a polypeptide oligomer harboring 16 repeats of the neuritogenic epitope (aa 58-73) of myelin P2 protein separated by spacers, enhancement of the immune response to the P2 protein, an important neuritogenic autoantigen in experimental autoimmune neuritis (EAN), was attempted. In contrast to a previous study with PLP-16-mer antigen-specific response of(More)