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The present study is focused on the proteome of reproductive tract fluids from tropically-adapted Santa Ines rams. Seminal plasma, cauda epididymal (CEF) and vesicular gland fluid (VGF) proteins were analyzed by 2-D electrophoresis and mass spectrometry. Seminal plasma maps contained 302 ± 16 spots, within the 4-7 pH range. From these maps, 73 spots were(More)
The mRNA expression and localization of Aquaporin 3 (AQP3) were investigated in the ovarian follicles of ewes at different stages of development (primordial, primary, secondary, small, and large antral). The gene expression was quantified by qPCR, while the protein identification and localization were determined by Western blot and immunohistochemistry,(More)
The discovery of water channels (aquaporins, AQPs) was a landmark event for the clarification of water transport through the plasma membrane. AQPs belong to a family of intrinsic membrane proteins that act as selective channels for water and for solutes such as glycerol and urea. AQPs were found in different tissues and organs, including male and female(More)
The honey bee queen and worker castes are a model system for developmental plasticity. We used established expressed sequence tag information for a Gene Ontology based annotation of genes that are differentially expressed during caste development. Metabolic regulation emerged as a major theme, with a caste-specific difference in the expression of(More)
In Northeastern Brazil visceral leishmaniasis is endemic with lethal cases among humans and dogs. Treatment is toxic and 5-10% of humans die despite treatment. The aim of this work was to survey natural active compounds to find new molecules with high activity and low toxicity against Leishmania infantum chagasi. The compounds thymol and eugenol were chosen(More)
The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of different combinations of insulin and FSH concentrations in culture media containing GH on the in vitro follicle morphology, antrum formation, growth rates, estradiol (E2) production, oocyte viability and maturation as well as gene expression for FSHR, GHR, INSR, CYP19A1, CYP17, 3ßHSD. Secondary follicles(More)
The actions of different concentrations of insulin alone or in combination with follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) were evaluated by in vitro follicular development and mRNA expression of cytochrome P450 aromatase (CYP19A1) and as receptors for insulin (INSR) and FSH (FSHR) from isolated, cultured goat preantral follicles. Goat preantral follicles were(More)
This study aimed to evaluate the immunolocalization and messenger RNA (mRNA) expression for transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-β) and its receptors (TGF-βRI and RII), as well as mRNA expression for P450 aromatase and FSH receptor in caprine preantral follicles. The effects of TGF-β, FSH alone, or in association on the in vitro follicular development were(More)
OBJECTIVE Evaluate the possible role of IGF-II alone or in association with FSH on in vitro development of isolated caprine preantral follicles. METHODS Preantral follicles (≥150 μm) were isolated from goat ovaries and cultured for 18 days in basic αMEM medium (control) or supplemented with IGF-II alone at 20 or 50 ng/ml, named IGF20 and IGF50,(More)
The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of three concentrations of anethole (30, 300, and 2000 μg/mL) on survival, antrum formation, follicular diameter, and oocyte maturation in the caprine species. The study also evaluated the effects of anethole on transcripts of ICAM-1, CAV-1, TIMP-2, and PAI-1 genes and levels of reactive oxygen species(More)