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cAMP has largely inhibitory effects on components of macrophage activation, yet downstream mechanisms involved in these effects remain incompletely defined. Elevation of cAMP in alveolar macrophages (AMs) suppresses FcgammaR-mediated phagocytosis. We now report that protein kinase A (PKA) inhibitors (H-89, KT-5720, and myristoylated PKA inhibitory peptide(More)
Leukotrienes (LTs) are lipid mediators that participate in inflammatory diseases and innate immune function. We sought to investigate the importance of LTs in regulating the microbicidal activity of alveolar macrophages (AMs) and the molecular mechanisms by which this occurs. The role of LTs in enhancing AM microbicidal activity was evaluated(More)
PGI(2) (prostacyclin) is a lipid mediator with vasodilatory and antithrombotic effects used in the treatment of vasoconstrictive/ischemic diseases including pulmonary artery hypertension. However, emerging research supports a role for PGs, including PGI(2), in the regulation of both innate and acquired immunity. As PGI(2) is unstable, we sought to define(More)
Prostaglandins (PGs) are potent lipid mediators that are produced during infections and whose synthesis and signaling networks present potential pharmacologic targets for immunomodulation. PGE(2) acts through the ligation of four distinct G protein-coupled receptors, E-prostanoid (EP) 1-4. Previous in vitro and in vivo studies demonstrated that the(More)
Toll-like receptors (TLRs) direct a proinflammatory program in macrophages. One mediator whose generation is induced by TLR ligation is prostaglandin E(2) (PGE(2)), which is well known to increase intracellular cAMP upon G protein-coupled receptor ligation. How PGE(2)/cAMP shapes the nascent TLR response and the mechanisms by which it acts remain poorly(More)
Leukotrienes (LTs) are known to be produced by macrophages when challenged with Leishmania, but it is not known whether these lipid mediators play a role in host defense against this important protozoan parasite. In this study, we investigated the involvement of LTs in the in vitro and in vivo response to Leishmania amazonensis infection in susceptible(More)
Leukotrienes (LTs) are lipid mediators implicated in asthma and other inflammatory diseases. LTB(4) and LTD(4) also participate in antimicrobial defense by stimulating phagocyte functions via ligation of B leukotriene type 1 (BLT1) receptor and cysteinyl LT type 1 (cysLT1) receptor, respectively. Although both Galpha(i) and Galpha(q) proteins have been(More)
PGE2 has important inhibitory effects on the macrophage host defense functions of phagocytosis and killing, yet the molecular mechanisms involved remain to be fully elucidated. PGE2 causes an elevation of cAMP in alveolar macrophages (AMs), which in turn activates the cAMP effector targets, protein kinase A and the exchange protein activated by cAMP(More)
Pattern recognition receptors for fungi include dectin-1 and mannose receptor, and these mediate phagocytosis, as well as production of cytokines, reactive oxygen species, and the lipid mediator leukotriene B(4) (LTB(4)). The influence of G protein-coupled receptor ligands such as LTB(4) on fungal pattern recognition receptor expression is unknown. In this(More)
Polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) and leukotriene B(4) (LTB(4)) are involved in many inflammatory and physiological conditions. The role of arachidonic acid (AA) and linoleic acid (LA) in promoting the assembly of reduced nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate (NADPH) oxidase subunits is well known, but the involvement of LTB(4) and other(More)