Carlos Guillermo Bartoli

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Ascorbic acid is synthesized from galactono-gamma-lactone (GL) in plant tissues. An improved extraction procedure involving ammonium sulfate precipitation of membrane proteins from crude leaf homogenates yielded a simple, quick method for determining tissue activities of galactono-gamma-lactone dehydrogenase (GLDH). Total foliar ascorbate and GLDH activity(More)
The aim of this study was to explore the role of the mitochondrial alternative oxidase (AOX) in the protection of photosynthesis during drought in wheat leaves. The relative water contents of water-replete and drought-exposed wheat plants were 97.2+/-0.3 and 75+/-2, respectively. Drought increased the amount of leaf AOX protein and also enhanced the rate of(More)
Plant Molecular Biology Group, School of Biomedical and Chemical Sciences, University of Western Australia, Crawley 6009, Australia (A.H.M., J.L.H.); Crop Performance and Improvement Division, Rothamsted Research, Harpenden, Hertfordshire AL5 2JQ, United Kingdom (V.M., G.K., F.L.T., C.H.F.); and Instituto de Fisiologı́a Vegetal, Facultad de Ciencias(More)
Nitric oxide (NO) generation by soybean (Glycine max var. ADM 4800) chloroplasts was studied as an endogenous product assessed by the electron paramagnetic resonance spin-trapping technique. Nitrite and l-arginine (Arg) are substrates for enzymatic activities considered to be the possible sources of NO in plants. Soybean chloroplasts showed a NO production(More)
The effects of growth irradiance and respiration on ascorbic acid (AA) synthesis and accumulation were studied in the leaves of wild-type and transformed Arabidopsis thaliana with modified amounts of the mitochondrial alternative oxidase (AOX) protein. Plants were grown under low (LL; 50 micromol photons m(-2) s(-1)), intermediate (IL; 100 micromol photons(More)
In chloroplasts, stromal and thylakoid-bound ascorbate peroxidases (tAPX) play a major role in the removal of H(2)O(2) produced during photosynthesis. Here, we report that hexaploid wheat (Triticum aestivum) expresses three homeologous tAPX genes (TaAPX-6A, TaAPX-6B, and TaAPX-6D) mapping on group-6 chromosomes. The tAPX activity of a mutant line lacking(More)
b-carotene. Moreover, a co-ordinated response involving glutathione reductase activity, thiols and ascorbic The purpose of the present work was to evaluate both acid is triggered to limit free radical dependent effects. oxidative stress and the antioxidant response system in leaves from wheat (Triticum aestivum cv. Buck
L-galactono-1,4-lactone dehydrogenase (GLDH) catalyzes the terminal step of the Smirnoff-Wheeler pathway for vitamin C (l-ascorbate) biosynthesis in plants. A GLDH in gel activity assay was developed to biochemically investigate GLDH localization in plant mitochondria. It previously has been shown that GLDH forms part of an 850-kDa complex that represents a(More)
One of the most striking aspects of plant plasticity is the modulation of development in response to environmental changes. Plant growth and development largely depend on the phytohormone auxin that exerts its function through a partially redundant family of F-box receptors, the TIR1-AFBs. We have previously reported that the Arabidopsis double mutant tir1(More)
Auxin regulates gene expression through direct physical interaction with TIR1/AFB receptor proteins during different processes of growth and development in plants. Here we report the contribution of auxin signaling pathway to the adaptative response against abiotic stress in Arabidopsis. Phenotypic characterization of tir1/afb auxin receptor mutants(More)