Carlos Gómez-Moreno

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Ferredoxin:NADP+:reductase (FNR) catalyzes one terminal step of the conversion of light energy into chemical energy during photosynthesis. FNR uses two high energy electrons photoproduced by photosystem I (PSI) and conveyed, one by one, by a ferredoxin (Fd), to reduce NADP+ to NADPH. The reducing power of NADPH is finally involved in carbon assimilation.(More)
The crystal structure of Anabaena PCC 7119 ferredoxin-NADP+ reductase (FNR) suggests that the carboxylate group of Glu301 may be directly involved in the catalytic process of electron and proton transfer between the isoalloxazine moiety of FAD and FNR substrates (NADPH, ferredoxin, and flavodoxin). To assess this possibility, the carboxylate of Glu301 was(More)
On the basis of sequence and three-dimensional structure comparison between Anabaena PCC7119 ferredoxin-NADP(+) reductase (FNR) and other reductases from its structurally related family that bind either NADP(+)/H or NAD(+)/H, a set of amino acid residues that might determine the FNR coenzyme specificity can be assigned. These residues include Thr-155,(More)
The dark and light reduction of nitrate and nitrite by cell-free preparations of the blue-green algaAnacystis nidulans has been investigated. The three following methods have been successfully applied to the preparation of active particulate fractions from the alga cells: (a) shaking with glass beads, (b) lysozyme treatment and lysis of the resulting(More)
Previous studies and the crystal structure of Anabaena PCC 7119 FNR suggest that the side chains of Arg100 and Arg264 may be directly involved in the proper NADP+/NADPH orientation for an efficient electron-transfer reaction. Protein engineering on Arg100 and Arg264 from Anabaena PCC 7119 FNR has been carried out to investigate their roles in complex(More)
Laser-flash absorption spectroscopy has been used to investigate the kinetics of electron transfer from reduced cytochrome c6 and plastocyanin, isolated from Anabaena PCC 7119, to oxidized P700 in photosystem-I particles isolated from the same cyanobacterium and from spinach. For all metalloproteins and photosystems, the observed rate constant has a(More)
The crystal structure of the ferredoxin:NADP+ reductase (FNR) from the cyanobacterium Anabaena PCC 7119 has been determined at 2.6 A resolution by multiple isomorphous replacement and refined using 15.0 A to 1.8 A data, collected at 4 degrees C, to an R-factor of 0.172. The model includes 303 residues, the flavin adenine dinucleotide cofactor (FAD), one(More)
The toxicity of 2,4,6-trinitrotoluene (TNT), a widespread environmental contaminant, is exerted through its enzymatic redox cycling and/or covalent binding of its reduction products to proteins and DNA. In this study, we examined the possibility of another cytotoxicity mechanism of the amino- and hydroxylamino metabolites of TNT, their flavoenzyme-catalyzed(More)
In the ferredoxin-NADP(+) reductase (FNR)/ferredoxin (Fd) system, an aromatic amino acid residue on the surface of Anabaena Fd, Phe-65, has been shown to be essential for the electron transfer (ET) reaction. We have investigated further the role of hydrophobic interactions in complex stabilization and ET between these proteins by replacing three hydrophobic(More)
Flavodoxins are electron transfer proteins that carry a noncovalently bound flavin mononucleotide molecule as the redox-active center. The redox potentials of the flavin nucleotide are profoundly altered upon interaction with the protein. In Anabaena flavodoxin, as in many flavodoxins, the flavin is sandwiched between two aromatic residues (Trp57 and Tyr94)(More)