Carlos Frederico B. Loureiro

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BACKGROUND Asthma is a frequent chronic respiratory disease in both children and adults. However, few data on asthma prevalence are available in Portugal. The Portuguese National Asthma Survey is the first nationwide study that uses standardized methods. We aimed to estimate the prevalence of current asthma in the Portuguese population and to assess the(More)
BACKGROUND The early development of innovative surgical procedures is usually reported as retrospective case series, wasting opportunities to provide useful information and introducing bias. We present a report of an innovative procedure in development, using the Prospective Development Study (PDS) format recommended by the IDEAL Collaboration. METHODS We(More)
Paragangliomas, or glomus tumors, are highly vascular benign tumors of the head and neck. Clinical symptoms are essentially progressive and neurological, involving infiltration of the regional cranial nerves. The usual treatment is surgery, which itself is a challenge because of the close proximity of vital structures and the considerable blood loss.(More)
INTRODUCTION Tumour necrosis factor alpha (TNFalpha) has emerged as a therapeutic target in chronic inflammatory disorders characterised by a Th1 type immune response, such as rheumatoid arthritis (RA). The presence of allergic disease in these patients could be influenced both by the presence of RA and anti-TNFalpha therapy. Our aim was to evaluate the(More)
© 2016 The Author(s). This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the(More)
BACKGROUND Fruits and vegetables are rich in compounds with proposed antioxidant, anti-allergic and anti-inflammatory properties, which could contribute to reduce the prevalence of asthma and allergic diseases. OBJECTIVE We investigated the association between asthma, and chronic rhino-sinusitis (CRS) with intake of fruits and vegetables in European(More)
Eosinophilic esophagitis (EoE) is an inflammatory disease characterized by eosinophilic infiltration of the esophageal wall. It is an increasingly recognized disease that affects mostly caucasian males in two peaks of incidence: 5-10/20-40 years. Studies show that more than 90% of this patients are sensitized to mite or polens, 50% to food, and that the(More)
In this paper we discuss about the concepts of praxis and totality, following the historical, dialectical and critical tradition. The delimitation of this theoretical study is explained by the prominence given to those two concepts in laws, rules and technical documents on environmental education, as well as in several discourses present in that field. Our(More)
It is done a review of evaluation methods of the inflammation in upper airways and bronchi used for diagnosis, therapeutic approach and prognosis of pathologies like rhinosinusitis and asthma. It is also analysed methods that supply relevant information of inflammation in COPD. The chronic inflammation of the airways is associated to respiratory distress,(More)