Carlos Fortunato

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Feedback inhibitory circuits were characterized electrophysiologically in the CA3 region of organotypic rat hippocampal cultures. Pyramidal cells were impaled with sharp microelectrodes and brief depolarizing current pulses were injected intracellularly to elicit single action potentials. An inhibitory postsynaptic potential (IPSP) was observed at fixed(More)
Blockage of gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA)ergic synaptic transmission in mature hippocampal slice cultures for a period of 3 days with convulsants was shown previously to induce chronic epileptiform activity and to mimic many of the degenerative changes observed in the hippocampi of epileptic humans. The cellular mechanisms underlying the induction of this(More)
This paper presents a demonstrator of a Wireless Sensor and Actua-tor Network (WSAN) for Smart Grid applications, developed in the context of project WSAN4CIP. This WSAN is formed by WSAN nodes equipped with sensors and a wireless radio interface, which monitor key parameters of power grid equipments belonging to the Medium Voltage (MV) and Low Voltage (LV)(More)
This paper presents an overview of a Wireless Sensor and Actuator Network (WSAN) used to monitor an electrical power grid distribution infrastructure. The WSAN employs appropriate sensors to monitor key grid components, integrating both safety and security services, which improve the grid distribution dependability. The supported applications include, among(More)
This paper presents a detailed analysis of the applicability of wireless systems in the localization of faults in the energy distribution network. The hardware and software architectures of the envisaged sensor solution will also be described and finally, the integration of this system into Smart Grids will be discussed in terms of automatic fault analysis.(More)
From a safety and security point of view, the electrical energy distribution infrastructure needs to be protected.. In this paper solutions to increase the safety aspects of substation components, power lines and power transformers are discussed. Also security solutions related to perimeter intrusion detection in substations and remote surveillance of power(More)
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