Carlos Feleder

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BACKGROUND Among the diverse animal models proposed for schizophrenia, the neonatal ventral hippocampal lesion (NVHL) is one of the most widely used. However, its construct validity can be questioned because there is no evidence of a lesion present in schizophrenia. Other approaches that have tried to capture environmental influences on development include(More)
Norepinephrine (NE) microdialyzed in the preoptic area (POA) raises core temperature (T(c)) via 1) alpha(1)-adrenoceptors (AR), quickly and independently of POA PGE(2), and 2) alpha(2)-AR, after a delay and PGE(2) dependently. Since systemic lipopolysaccharide (LPS) activates the central noradrenergic system, we investigated whether preoptic NE mediates LPS(More)
We recently reported that the preoptic anterior hypothalamic area (POA) mediates the hypotensive response evoked by lipopolysaccharide (LPS). In this study, we investigated how the inflammatory signal induced by LPS reaches the POA. Subdiaphragmatic vagotomy and abdominal perivagal lidocaine administration, or lidocaine injection into the nucleus tractus(More)
The innate immune system serves as the first line of host defense against the deleterious effects of invading infectious pathogens. Fever is the hallmark among the defense mechanisms evoked by the entry into the body of such pathogens. The conventional view of the steps that lead to fever production is that they begin with the biosynthesis of pyrogenic(More)
It is widely assumed that LPS lowers arterial pressure during sepsis by stimulating release of TNF-alpha and other vasoactive mediators from macrophages. However, recent data from this and other laboratories have shown that LPS hypotension can be prevented by inhibiting afferent impulse flow in the vagus nerve, by blocking neuronal activity in the nucleus(More)
In order to evaluate if the changes of the hypothalamic-pituitary-ovary axis that induce a decrease in fertility and modifications in the sexual cycles during senescence involve modifications in the regulatory action of excitatory amino acid neurotransmission on GnRH neurons, we measured the in vitro effects of NMDA on GnRH release by the anterior preoptic(More)
Alcohol hangover is a temporary state described as the unpleasant next-day effects after binge-like drinking. Hangover begins when ethanol is absent in plasma and is characterized by physical and psychological symptoms. Affective behavior is impaired during the acute phase of alcohol intoxication; however, no reports indicate if similar effects are observed(More)
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE Puerarin is the most abundant isoflavonoid in Radix Puerariae (Gegen), which has been prescribed as a medicinal herb for treating fever in China for a long history. AIM OF THE STUDY The present study aimed at evaluating the antipyretic effect of puerarin and revealing the related mechanisms. MATERIALS AND METHODS(More)
The mechanism responsible for the initiation of endotoxic hypotension is not fully understood, although it is often attributed to a direct effect of LPS and other vasoactive mediators on the vasculature. Alternatively, recent evidence raises the possibility that endotoxic hypotension may be initiated through a central mechanism. Previous studies have shown(More)
The present study determined the anti-inflammatory activity of scopoletin in gout air pouch model and revealed the underlying mechanisms by in vitro assays. Monosodium urate (MSU) crystal-induced inflammation in mouse air pouch model, an experimental model for acute gout, was used to assess the efficacy of scopoletin. The neutrophil and mononuclear(More)