Carlos F. Torres

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Mammal, plant, and mainly microbial phospholipases are continuously being studied, experimented, and some of them are even commercially available at industrial scale for food industry. This is because the use of phospholipases in the production of specific foods leads to attractive advantages, such as yield improvement, energy saving, higher efficiency,(More)
An HPLC method with evaporative light scattering detection (ELSD) for the simultaneous analysis of various lipid classes, particularly alkoxyglycerols and acylglycerols with very similar structure and polarity, has been developed. These lipid classes are frequently found in numerous fats and oils such as shark liver oils and can serve as substrates for(More)
Ethanolysis of borage oil catalyzed by two commercial lipases (from Pseudomonas cepacia and Candida antarctica) was studied using two different methodologies. Multiresponse models derived from a generalized Michaelis-Menten mechanism were utilized to describe the rates of formation of ethyl esters of the primary fatty acids present in the precursor oil. The(More)
The effect of the water content on the lipase-catalyzed (Candida rugosa) interesterification (acidolysis) of menhaden oil with conjugated linoleic acid was studied for amounts of added water ranging from 0-4% (w/w). The rate of the acidolysis reaction increased with increasing water content, but the corresponding percentage of n-3 fatty acids liberated also(More)
The kinetics of the lipase-catalyzed (Pseudomonas cepacia) ethanolysis of fish oil has been studied in a batch reactor using menhaden oil, tuna oil, and acylglycerol mixtures derived from menhaden oil. Multi-response models derived from a generalized Michaelis-Menten mechanism were developed to describe the rates of formation of ethyl esters of the primary(More)
Intestinal in vitro digestion of phytosterols esterified with conjugated linoleic acid (PS-CLA) was performed to study (1) the potential bioaccessibility of the released bioactive-lipid products and (2) the interference with cholesterol bioaccessibility. Commercial food-grade PS ester (PS-C) was assayed as reference. Hydrolysis of PS-CLA by digestive(More)
Butyric acid has been the subject of much attention last years due to its bioactivity. However, the potential advantages of butyrate are limited by the problem to reach enough plasma concentrations; therefore, pro-drugs have been proposed as an alternative to natural butyrate. A comparative study on in vitro intestinal digestion of(More)
Shark liver oil has been used for over 50 years as both a therapeutic and preventive agent. The active ingredients in shark liver oil have been found to be a group of ether-linked glycerols known as alkoxyglycerols. Despite its popularity, there is little published toxicology data on alkoxyglycerols. The toxicity of a supercritical fluid extract of shark(More)
In this work, the study, modeling and simulation of custom designed geothermal power plant production processes are presented. A model based on the thermodynamical steam power cycles theory is developed using directed graphs, in order to consider different types of geothermal power plant structural models to be studied. The model includes steady state forms(More)
The activities of four immobilized lipases for glycerolysis of a commercially available fish oil (TG500) rich in eicosapentaenoic residues (>58%, w/w) have been characterized in solvent-free systems. The effects of the mole ratio of TG500 to glycerol and temperature have been investigated. The highest conversion was obtained at 60 °C with a Candida(More)