Carlos F. Peña

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Several aspects of alginate and PHB synthesis in Azotobacter vinelandii at a molecular level have been elucidated in articles published during the last ten years. It is now clear that alginate and PHB synthesis are under a very complex genetic control. Genetic modification of A. vinelandii has produced a number of very interesting mutants which have(More)
The effect of oscillating dissolved oxygen tension (DOT) on the metabolism of an exopolysaccharide-producing bacteria (Azotobacter vinelandii) was investigated, particularly on the mean molecular weight (MMW) of the alginate produced. Sinusoidal DOT oscillations were attained by manipulating the oxygen and nitrogen partial pressures at the inlet of a 1.0 L(More)
AIMS The effects of Tityus serrulatus venom (TSV) were analysed with respect to the susceptibility of four isogenic mouse, the symptoms following injection of venom and the inflammatory mediators in an experimental model of severe envenomation induced in mice. METHODS The susceptibility was analysed by lethal dose (LD50) determination, including the(More)
The transcription of genes involved in alginate polymerization and depolymerization, as well as the alginase activity (extracellular and intracellular) under oxygen-limited and non oxygen-limited conditions in cultures of A. vinelandii, was studied. Two levels of dissolved oxygen tension (DOT) (1% and 5%, oxygen-limited and non-oxygen-limited, respectively)(More)
Mutant AT268 of Azotobacter vinelandii — showing diminished production of poly-β-hydroxybutyrate (PHB) due to a mutation in phbR (the gene coding for the transcriptional activator of the phbBAC biosynthetic operon); mutant CNT26, containing a mutation (muc26) that increases the transcription of gene algD (encoding GDP mannose dehydrogenase, the key enzyme(More)
Keeping equal the initial power drawn (0.27 W l(-1)) in shake flasks and in a stirred fermentor did not reproduce the behaviour of alginate production by Azotobacter vinelandii. A lower mean molecular weight (1.1x10(6) Da) of the polymer was obtained in the bioreactor as compared to that obtained in shake flasks (1.9x10(6) Da). The reasons for this can(More)
AIMS The aim of this study was to characterize the influence of 3-(N-morpholino)-propane-sulfonic acid (MOPS) on alginate production by Azotobacter vinelandii and its chemical composition (particularly its acetylation degree), as well as on the rheological behaviour of alginate-reconstituted solutions. METHODS AND RESULTS Cultures were grown in 500-ml(More)
The mutant ATCN4 strain of Azotobacter vinelandii, which lacks the Na(+)-NQR activity and results in an alginate overproduction (highly mucoid phenotype), was cultured in shake flasks in minimal and rich medium, and the chemical composition and rheological properties of the alginate were determined. Mutant ATCN4 exhibited a high efficiency for sucrose(More)
The US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has approved several applications for the marketing of neurologic devices. Nineteen high risk Class III medical devices were approved for the central and peripheral nervous system for marketing between 1994 and 2003, and almost half (n = 8) include indications for use in children as well as adults. On July 24, 2003,(More)
BACKGROUND The oxygen transfer rate (OTR) and dissolved oxygen tension (DOT) play an important role in determining alginate production and its composition; however, no systematic study has been reported about the independent influence of the OTR and DOT. In this paper, we report a study about alginate production and the evolution of the molecular mass of(More)