Carlos Ernesto

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We developed a set of informant-based items describing performance of activities of daily living (ADL) by patients with Alzheimer's disease (AD) to identify which ADL are useful for assessment of patients in clinical trials. Evaluation of ADL is an important outcome measure in AD clinical trials. For clinical trial measurement, ADL should have broad(More)
BACKGROUND There is evidence that medications or vitamins that increase the levels of brain catecholamines and protect against oxidative damage may reduce the neuronal damage and slow the progression of Alzheimer's disease. METHODS We conducted a double-blind, placebo-controlled, randomized, multicenter trial in patients with Alzheimer's disease of(More)
The cognitive assessment protocol of the Alzheimer's Disease Cooperative Study (ADCS) was designed to evaluate the reliability and validity of cognitive assessment measures that might be valuable additions to the Alzheimer's Disease Assessment Scale (ADAS) or other concise batteries used in antidementia drug trials. As part of an overall ADCS protocol to(More)
Global ratings of dementia severity are used increasingly in clinical trials of antidementia compounds. Such ratings are clinically relevant, but their reliability in multicenter settings has not been determined. To evaluate the reliability of one global scale, the Clinical Dementia Rating (CDR), 82 investigators of the multicenter Alzheimer's Disease(More)
Measurement of cognitive dysfunction in the early stages of Alzheimer's disease (AD) has been well studied and there are many objective tests in use for this purpose. However, with the exception of clinical rating scales, such as the Clinical Dementia Rating Scale, Global Deterioration Scale, and Functional Assessment Staging, there are few objective(More)
As part of the effort of the NIA Alzheimer's disease cooperative study to develop improved instruments for quantifying effects in Alzheimer's disease (AD) clinical trials, patterns of agitated behaviors were evaluated with the Cohen-Mansfield Agitation Inventory (CMAI) in 241 AD patients and 64 healthy elderly controls with valid baseline assessment on the(More)
BACKGROUND While several studies have identified the anaerobic threshold (AT) through the responses of blood lactate, ventilation and blood glucose others have suggested the response of the heart rate variability (HRV) as a method to identify the AT in young healthy individuals. However, the validity of HRV in estimating the lactate threshold (LT) and(More)
This report describes the rationale and design of a clinical trial using selegiline (10 mg/day) and alpha-tocopherol (2,000 IU/day) to slow the progression of dementia in Alzheimer disease (AD). This study was developed by the Alzheimer's Disease Cooperative Study (ADCS), a consortium of clinical research centers actively involved in AD research. The major(More)
Exercise is a non-pharmacologic agent widely used for hypertension control, where low intensity is often associated with blood pressure reduction. Maximal lactate steady state (MLSS) was recently identified in spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHRs) as an important step in establishing secure intensities for prescribing exercise for hypertensive phenotypes.(More)
The American National Adult Reading Test (AMNART) was constructed to provide a valid and stable estimate of premorbid verbal IQ (VIQ) in dementing individuals. However, recent studies have brought into question its validity in patients with dementia of the Alzheimer type (DAT). The present study was designed to longitudinally assess the validity of the(More)