Carlos Enrique Catalano

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This review focuses on the biochemical, biophysical, and catalytic properties of terminase, an enzyme involved in bacteriophage lambda genome packaging. The holoenzyme possesses ATPase, DNA strand-separation, and site-specific nuclease activities that work in concert to insert a viral genome into the confines of a performed capsid. Moreover, the terminase(More)
Terminase the DNA packaging enzyme of bacteriophage chi, is a heteromultimer of gpNul (21 kDa) and gpA (74 kDa) subunits, encoded by the chi Nul and A genes, respectively. Sequence comparisons indicate that both gpNu1 and gpA have a match to the P-loop motif of ATPase centers, which is a glycine-rich segment followed by a lysine. By site-specific(More)
The assembly of complex double-stranded DNA viruses includes a genome packaging step where viral DNA is translocated into the confines of a preformed procapsid shell. In most cases, the preferred packaging substrate is a linear concatemer of viral genomes linked head-to-tail. Viral terminase enzymes are responsible for both excision of an individual genome(More)
Terminase enzymes are common to complex double-stranded DNA viruses and function to package viral DNA into the capsid. We recently demonstrated that the bacteriophage lambda terminase gpA and gpNu1 proteins assemble into a stable heterotrimer with a molar ratio gpA1/gpNu1(2). This terminase protomer possesses DNA maturation and packaging activities that are(More)
The developmental pathways for a variety of eukaryotic and prokaryotic double-stranded DNA viruses include packaging of viral DNA into a preformed procapsid structure, catalyzed by terminase enzymes and fueled by ATP hydrolysis. In most instances, a capsid expansion process accompanies DNA packaging, which significantly increases the volume of the capsid to(More)
Terminases are enzymes common to complex double-stranded DNA viruses and are required for packaging of viral DNA into a protective capsid. Bacteriophage lambda terminase holoenzyme is a hetero-oligomer composed of the A and Nu1 lambda gene products; however, the self-association properties of the holoenzyme have not been investigated systematically. Here,(More)
Terminase enzymes are common to both prokaryotic and eukaryotic double-stranded DNA viruses and are responsible for packaging viral DNA into the confines of an empty procapsid shell. In all known cases, the holoenzymes are heteroligomers composed of a large subunit that possesses the catalytic activities required for genome packaging and a small subunit(More)
Terminase is an enzyme from bacteriophage lambda that is required for insertion of the viral genome into an empty pro-capsid. This enzyme is composed of the viral proteins gpNu1 (20.4 kDa) and gpA (73.3 kDa) in a holoenzyme complex. Current models for terminase assembly onto DNA suggest that gpNu1 binds to three repeating elements within a region of the(More)
Molecular motors drive genome packaging into preformed procapsids in many double-stranded (ds)DNA viruses. Here, we present optical tweezers measurements of single DNA molecule packaging in bacteriophage lambda. DNA-gpA-gpNu1 complexes were assembled with recombinant gpA and gpNu1 proteins and tethered to microspheres, and procapsids were attached to(More)
Phage lambda, like a number of other large DNA bacteriophages and the herpesviruses, produces concatemeric DNA during DNA replication. The concatemeric DNA is processed to produce unit-length, virion DNA by cutting at specific sites along the concatemer. DNA cutting is co-ordinated with DNA packaging, the process of translocation of the cut DNA into the(More)