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STUDY OBJECTIVES To test the effects of exercise training on sleep and neurovascular control in patients with systolic heart failure with and without sleep disordered breathing. DESIGN Prospective interventional study. SETTING Cardiac rehabilitation and exercise physiology unit and sleep laboratory. PATIENTS Twenty-five patients with heart failure,(More)
BACKGROUND The effects of diet and diet plus exercise training on muscle vasodilatation during physiological maneuvers in obese children are unknown. We tested the hypothesis that (1) blood pressure (BP) and forearm vascular conductance (FVC) responses during handgrip exercise and mental stress would be altered in obese children and (2) diet plus exercise(More)
Exercise training (ET) is a coadjuvant therapy in preventive cardiology. It delays cardiac dysfunction and exercise intolerance in heart failure (HF); however, the molecular mechanisms underlying its cardioprotection are poorly understood. We tested the hypothesis that ET would prevent Ca(2+) handling abnormalities and ventricular dysfunction in sympathetic(More)
OBJECTIVES We sought to study: 1) the impact of hemodynamic and left ventricular function on short-term postexercise blood pressure reduction in elderly hypertensive patients; and 2) the 22-h postexercise effects on ambulatory blood pressure in elderly hypertensive patients. BACKGROUND Although early exercise provokes postexercise blood pressure(More)
OBJECTIVES The goal of this study was to test the hypothesis that exercise training reduces resting sympathetic neural activation in patients with chronic advanced heart failure. BACKGROUND Exercise training in heart failure has been shown to be beneficial, but its mechanisms of benefit remain unknown. METHODS Sixteen New York Heart Association class II(More)
The purpose of this study was to determine if abnormalities of sympathetic neural and vascular control are present in mild and/or severe heart failure (HF) and to determine the underlying afferent mechanisms. Patients with severe HF, mild HF, and age-matched controls were studied. Muscle sympathetic nerve activity (MSNA) and forearm vascular resistance(More)
Although neurohumoral excitation is the hallmark of heart failure (HF), the mechanisms underlying this alteration are not entirely known. Abnormalities in several systems contribute to neurohumoral excitation in HF, including arterial and cardiopulmonary baroreceptors, central and peripheral chemoreceptors, cardiac chemoreceptors, and central nervous system(More)
The decrease in cardiac sympathetic tone and heart rate after low-intensity exercise training may have hemodynamic consequences in spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR). The effects of exercise training of low and high intensity on resting blood pressure, cardiac output, and total peripheral resistance were studied in sedentary (n = 17), low- (n = 17), and(More)
  • P C Brum, G J Da Silva, E D Moreira, F Ida, C E Negrão, E M Krieger
  • 2000
Exercise training attenuates arterial hypertension and increases baroreflex sensitivity in spontaneous hypertension. However, no information exists regarding the portion of the baroreflex arch in which this attenuation takes place. We tested the hypothesis that exercise training increases the afferent pathway sensitivity of baroreflex control in both(More)
We studied the effects of acute and chronic exercise on the arterial baroreflex and chemosensitive cardiopulmonary baroreflex (CCB) in spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR). Arterial baroreflex and CCB were evaluated in normotensive rats (NR, n=11) and SHR (n=5) at rest and after 30 minutes of an acute bout of exercise (45 minutes at 50% of VO2max). In(More)