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STUDY DESIGN Agreement study. OBJECTIVE To perform an independent interobserver and intraobserver agreement evaluation of the new AOSpine Thoracolumbar Spine Injury Classification System. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA The new AOSpine Thoracolumbar Spine Injury Classification System was recently published. It showed substantial reliability and(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the utility of screening brain/orbital magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in a large population of children with neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1) over a 20-year period. STUDY DESIGN A retrospective analysis of clinical and imaging data from children with NF1 seen at a single center between 1990 and 2010 was performed. RESULTS During(More)
PURPOSE The purpose of this study was to document the ability of single-nucleotide polymorphism microarray to identify copy-neutral regions of homozygosity, demonstrate clinical utility of regions of homozygosity, and discuss ethical/legal implications when regions of homozygosity are associated with a parental blood relationship. METHODS Study data were(More)
BACKGROUND Clonal marine organisms exhibit high levels of morphological variation. Morphological differences may be a response to environmental factors but also they can be attributed to accumulated genetic differences due to disruption of gene flow among populations. In this study, we examined the extensive morphological variation (of 14 characters) in(More)
Long-lived corals, the foundation of modern reefs, often follow ecological gradients, so that populations or sister species segregate by habitat. Adaptive divergence maintains sympatric congeners after secondary contact or may even generate species by natural selection in the face of gene flow. Such ecological divergence, initially between alternative(More)
Sandhoff disease is a progressive neurodegenerative disorder characterized by accumulation of GM2 gangliosides. We describe a 6-year-old male with coarse facial features, developmental delay, refractory seizures, hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, who was later found to have Sandhoff disease. Previous studies have revealed that caloric restriction in combination(More)
Between 2006 and 2008, an outbreak of Infectious Keratoconjunctivitis (IKC) affected Pyrenean chamois Rupicapra p. pyrenaica, an endemic subspecies of mountain ungulate that lives in the Pyrenees. The study focused on 14 mountain massifs (180,000 ha) where the species' population is stable. Cases of IKC were detected in ten of the massifs and, in five of(More)
The aim of the study was to assess patterns of the use of medicines by the general population older than 0 years. The study was based on the information contained in the computerized database from the 1993 Spanish Household Health Survey. A representative sample of the population older than 0 was identified, and a survey of 26,334 persons was carried out.(More)
Several studies using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) to evaluate the lumbar spine in adults have shown a large prevalence of degenerative changes in asymptomatic subjects; however, studies in pediatric patients are scarce. Those studies have suggested a lower rate of degenerative findings in adolescents than in adults, but the actual prevalence of MRI(More)
Preeclampsia (PE) is an often fatal pathology characterized by hypertension and proteinuria at the 20th week of gestation that affects 5-10% of the pregnancies. The problem is particularly important in developing countries in where the incidence of hypertensive disorders of pregnancy is higher and maternal mortality rates are 20 times higher than those(More)