Carlos E Amorena

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We evaluated the effects of increasing the viscosity (eta) in peritubular capillary perfusates (PCP; 20 mM HNaPO4--Ringer, pH 7.4) on proximal convoluted tubule (PCT) acidification. Micropuncture experiments were performed with simultaneous luminal and peritubular perfusion. Changes in pH of a 20 mM HNaPO4--Ringer (pH 7.4 at t = 0) droplet placed in PCT(More)
The effect of peritubular PCO2 and pH changes within the physiological range on proximal tubular acidification of non-bicarbonate (phosphate) buffer was evaluated with and without carbonic anhydrase inhibition by stopped-flow microperfusion and Sb micro-electrode techniques. Luminal steady-state pH was reduced from 6.69 to 6.37 and H ion fluxes (JH+)(More)
Guanosine 3',5'-cyclic monophosphate (cGMP), a nitric oxide mediator, stimulates Na+/H+ exchange in brush-border vesicles of the renal cortex. The aim of the present work was to test whether the endothelium of the peritubular capillaries modulated the rate of proximal luminal acidification through the release of endothelium-derived nitric oxide (EDNO).(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS Reduction in renal mass by uninephrectomy induces a functional compensation in the remnant kidney. The activity of the angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) as well as renin mRNA in the proximal convoluted tubule (PCT) of uninephrectomized (UNx) rats increases. The aim of this work was to determine whether the increased activity of the local(More)
Single convoluted proximal tubules of the rat kidney were lumen perfused in situ with isosmotic solutions containing C14-sucrose and H3-inulin as tracers, to evaluate whether the extracellular marker sucrose is entrained by water during proximal tubular reabsorption. Inulin was used as volume marker. The absorptive rate was varied by using as luminal(More)
The transfer of HCO 3 − /OH− across the peritubular membrane of rat cortical tubules was studied by measuring capillary pH during stopped-flow microperfusion of peritubular capillaries with electrolyte solutions containing 3 mM HCO 3 − . The rate of alkalinization of these solutions was significantly delayed when 10−4 M acetazolamide, 5×10−4 M SITS or 2 mM(More)
The aim of this study was to investigate whether the renoprotective effect of angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors (ACEIs) following 5/6 renal mass reduction is due in part to the potentiation of kinins. Three groups of rats with 5/6 renal mass reduction were studied during the 14 weeks following surgery. One group received no therapy (control); the(More)
We examined the effect of depolarization on intracellular pH (pHi) of normal (pHi approximately 7.37) and acidified (pHi 5.90-6.70) frog semitendinosus muscle using microelectrodes. A small bundle was superfused with a Na(+)-free buffered solution (10 mM HEPES, 100% O2, pH 7.35) containing either 2.5 or 25 mM K+. An NH4Cl prepulse was used to lower pHi. At(More)
Endurance training is accompanied by important adaptations in both cardiovascular and autonomic nervous systems. Previous works have shown that the main component of gap junctions in the ventricular myocardium (connexin 43 (Cx43) can be regulated by adrenergic stimulus. On the other hand, training raises vagal and decreases sympathetic tone, while(More)