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This study investigated differences in geometrical properties and optical aberrations between a group of hyperopes and myopes (age-matched 30.3+/-5.2 and 30.5+/-3.8 years old, respectively, and with similar absolute refractive error 3.0+/-2.0 and -3.3+/-2.0, respectively). Axial length (AL) was measured by means of optical biometry, and corneal apical(More)
The monochromatic aberrations of the human eye along the temporal meridian are studied by a novel laser ray-tracing method. It consists of delivering a narrow laser pencil into the eye through a given point on the pupil and recording the aerial image of the retinal spot with a CCD camera. The relative displacement of this image is proportional to the(More)
We present an efficient Linear Minimum Mean Square Error (LMMSE) method for reconstructing full color images from single sensor Color Filter Array (CFA) data. We use a representative set of full color images to estimate the joint spatial-chromatic covariance among pixel color components. Then, we derive from it a set of joint color-space, small linear(More)
We evaluated the visual benefit of correcting astigmatism and high-order aberrations with adaptive optics (AO) on visual acuity (VA) measured at 7 different luminances (ranging from 0.8 to 50 cd/m(2)) and two contrast polarities (black letters on white background, BoW, and white letters on black background, WoB) on 7 subjects. For the BoW condition, VA(More)
We evaluated the accommodative response to a stimulus moving from 0 to 6 D following a staircase function under natural, corrected, and induced optical aberrations, using an adaptive-optics (AO) electromagnetic deformable mirror. The accommodative response of the eye (through the mirror) and the change of aberrations were measured on 5 subjects using a(More)
The perceived focus of an image can be strongly biased by prior adaptation to a blurred or sharpened image. We examined whether these adaptation effects can occur for the natural patterns of retinal image blur produced by high-order aberrations (HOAs) in the optics of the eye. Focus judgments were measured for 4 subjects to estimate in a forced choice(More)
We measured the effect of the correction of the natural aberrations of the eye by means of adaptive optics on the subject's performance on three different visual tasks: subjective sharpness assessment of natural images, familiar face recognition, and facial expression recognition. Images were presented through a dedicated psychophysical channel and viewed(More)
PURPOSE Our aim was to obtain a complete description of the interactions of rigid gas permeable (RGP) contact lenses with the optics of normal eyes. METHODS We measured total and anterior-surface aberrations in four subjects, who were all long-term RGP contact lens wearers. The anterior-surface wave aberration was obtained from videokeratographic(More)
A new technique is presented for the non-invasive imaging of the dynamic response of the cornea to an air puff inducing a deformation. A spectral OCT instrument combined with an air tonometer in a non-collinear configuration was used to image the corneal deformation over full corneal cross-sections, as well as to obtain high speed measurements of the(More)
BACKGROUND The image formed by the eye's optics is inherently blurred by aberrations specific to an individual's eyes. We examined how visual coding is adapted to the optical quality of the eye. METHODS AND FINDINGS We assessed the relationship between perceived blur and the retinal image blur resulting from high order aberrations in an individual's(More)