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In this study we investigated the relaxant effect of the aerial parts of Argemone ochroleuca (Papaveraceae), which is used in Mexican traditional medicine for the treatment of various respiratory diseases such as cough, bronchitis and asthma. The alkaloid berberine was identified as one of the active relaxant principles (EC50 = 118.50 +/-3.91 microM) in the(More)
BACKGROUND The influence of the Bsm1 polymorphism of the vitamin D receptor (VDR) gene on mineral and bone disorders in chronic kidney disease (CKD) is still under discussion. The aim of this study was to analyse the relationship between VDR polymorphism, bone mineral density (BMD), biochemical bone markers and clinical factors in women on peritoneal(More)
Avian chorioallantoic membrane (CAM) has been used as a model to explore angiogenesis and to study the microvasculature of transplanted tissues. Because CAM provides a vascular bed, cells can be implanted, and their development can be monitored and modified. We used the CAM model to study the differentiation process of embryoid bodies (EBs) derived from(More)
Prostanoids are involved in the phenylephrine-induced contraction of the aorta. Here, we examined whether or not constitutive cyclooxygenase-2 (phosholipases C and A2) is the source of prostanoids in the smooth muscle of the arterial wall of the thoracic and abdominal aorta. Both cyclooxygenase isoforms (COX-1 and COX-2) were expressed in the two aortic(More)
The relaxant effect of the methyl ester of rosuvastatin was evaluated on aortic rings from male Wistar rats (250-300 g, 6 rats for each experimental group) with and without endothelium precontracted with 1.0 µM phenylephrine. The methyl ester presented a slightly greater potency than rosuvastatin in relaxing aortic rings, with log IC50 values of -6.88 and(More)
NADPH-diaphorase activity has been considered as a nitric oxide synthase (NOS) marker. Therefore, the presence of NADPH-d activity in Entamoeba histolytica suggests that they have NOS activity. The aim of this work was to provide support for this contention. The amebic culture medium or amebic purified proteins induced relaxation of endothelium-denuded rat(More)
Eupatorium aschenbornianum is considered useful in the treatment of gastric ulcer. In the current study the validity of this practice was tested by using the experimental model of an ethanol induced gastric ulcer in rats. The results show that E. aschenbornianum had gastroprotective activity, that the hexane extract had the highest protective activity(More)
The incidence of cardiovascular disease is greater in men than in premenopausal women. Testosterone has been considered a significant risk factor for cardiovascular disease, but testosterone's mechanism of action and its cellular site of action are still not clear. However, it is likely that non-genomic extracellular effects of the hormone are involved.(More)
BACKGROUND Concurrent chemoradiation is the current standard of treatment for patients with advanced unresectable head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC). Due to the potent radiosensitizing properties of gemcitabine, we decided to assess its efficacy and toxicity with concurrent radiation in patients with advanced HNSCC. PATIENTS AND METHODS From(More)
AIM Reduction in nitric oxide (NO) levels during kidney failure has been related to the reaction of NO with superoxide anions to yield peroxynitrite which possesses the biological activity responsible for renal damage. However, stimulation of the NO pathway ameliorates the progression of kidney failure. Thus, it is unclear whether NO prevents or acts as the(More)