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A number of recent publications have made use of the incremental output of stochastic parsers to derive measures of high utility for psycholinguistic modeling, following the work of Hale (2001; 2003; 2006). In this paper, we present novel methods for calculating separate lexical and syntactic surprisal measures from a single incremental parser using a(More)
Hierarchical HMM (HHMM) parsers make promising cognitive models: while they use a bounded model of working memory and pursue incremental hypotheses in parallel, they still achieve parsing accuracies competitive with chart-based techniques. This paper aims to validate that a right-corner HHMM parser is also able to produce complexity metrics, which quantify(More)
PURPOSE Traditionally, liver surgery relies on Couinaud's liver segment classification. As the position and shape of these segments are variable and their borders are hidden within the homogeneous liver mass, the accuracy of segment identification methods needs computer-aided reevaluation. METHOD The segmental liver anatomy of 23 patients receiving(More)
The purpose of this study is to develop automatic algorithms for the segmentation phase of radiotherapy treatment planning. We develop new image processing techniques that are based on solving a partial diferential equation for the evolution of the curve that identifies the segmented organ. The velocity function is based on the piecewise Mumford-Shah(More)
The origin of catalysis and selectivity induced by room temperature ionic liquids in several organic reactions has putatively been associated with the concept of cation effect (hydrogen bond donor ability of the ionic liquids) or anion effect (hydrogen bond accepting ability of the ionic liquids). We show that there may be cases where this a priori(More)
The second-order response of the electron density with respect to changes in electron number, known as the dual descriptor, has been established as a key reactivity indicator for reactions like pericyclic reactions, where reagents accept and donate electrons concurrently. Here we establish that the dual descriptor is also the key reactivity indicator for(More)
In our quest to explore molecules with chemically significant regions where the Fukui function is negative, we explored reactions where the frontier orbital that indicates the sites for electrophilic attack is not the highest occupied molecular orbital. The highest occupied molecular orbital (HOMO) controls the location of the regions where the Fukui(More)
Children with autism have difficulties in controlling the strength and timing of their movements. Neurologic music therapy uses musical instruments to promote motor development in children with autism. However, most musical instruments are not appropriate to support control strength problems and coordination of movements in children with autism. In this(More)
In the course of a reaction it is the shape of the Fukui potential that guides a distant reagent toward the site where an electrophile/nucleophile is willing to accept/donate charge. In this paper we explore the mathematical characteristics of the Fukui potential and demonstrate its relationship to the hardness and the ability of an atom in a molecule to(More)
Nonlocal exchange-correlation energy functionals are constructed using the accurate model exchange-correlation hole for the uniform electron gas developed by Gori-Giorgi and Perdew. The exchange-correlation hole is constrained to be symmetric and normalized, so the resulting functionals can be viewed as symmetrized versions of the weighted density(More)