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The phytochemical investigation of the dichloromethane-soluble part of the methanol extract obtained from the fruits of Melia azedarach afforded one new tirucallane-type triterpene, 3-alpha-tigloylmelianol and three known tirucallanes, melianone, 21-beta-acetoxy-melianone, and methyl kulonate. The structure of the isolated compounds was mainly determined by(More)
Mesenchymal stem cells have been proven to be potentially effective in the treatment of a large variety of diseases, including neurodegenerative disorders. Of these, cerebellar ataxia is a group of disorders characterized by the degeneration of the cerebellum, particularly the Purkinje cells, responsible for motor coordination and control of the motor(More)
Human Neural Stem Cells (hNSCs) are excellent candidates for in vitro and in vivo molecular, cellular, and developmental research, and also for ex-vivo gene transfer and cell therapy in the nervous system. However, hNSCs are mortal somatic cells, and thus invariably enter an irreversible growth arrest after a finite number of cell divisions in culture. It(More)
Human neural stem cells derived from the ventral mesencephalon (VM) are powerful research tools and candidates for cell therapies in Parkinson disease. Previous studies with VM dopaminergic neuron (DAn) precursors indicated poor growth potential and unstable phenotypical properties. Using the model cell line hVM1 (human ventral mesencephalic neural stem(More)
Genetic engineering of neurotransmitter metabolic routes is important for the development of neurotransmitter-producing cells for the ex vivo gene therapy of many CNS diseases. Human neural stem cells (hNSCs) are excellent candidates to serve this role, but, for the case of Parkinson's disease, the cells do not normally express the rate-limiting dopamine(More)
BACKGROUND Ex vivo gene therapy and cell replacement in the nervous system may provide therapeutic opportunities for neurodegenerative disorders. The development of optimal gene marking procedures for human neural stem cells (hNSCs) is crucial for the success of these strategies, in order to provide a correct understanding of the biology of transplanted(More)
The aim of this work was to characterize a mouse model of experimental menopause and cardiovascular aging that closely reflects menopause in women. Senescence accelerated mouse (SAM)-Resistant type 1 (SAMR1, n=30) and SAM-Prone type 8 (SAMP8, n=30) were separated at 5months of age into three groups: 1) sham-operated (Sham); 2) ovariectomized (Ovx); and 3)(More)
Meliacine (MA), an antiviral principle present in partially purified leaf extracts of Melia azedarach L., prevents the development of herpetic stromal keratitis (HSK) in mice by diminishing the viral load in the eye and the severity of lesions caused by a virus-induced immunopathological reaction. The tetranortriterpenoid(More)
The 1-cinnamoyl-3,11-dihydroxymeliacarpin (CDM), isolated from extracts of Melia azedarach L., displays antiviral and immunomodulating properties. CDM is the first reported tetranortriterpenoid responsible for the alkalinization of intracellular compartments affecting both, viral endocytic and exocytic pathways. Considering that viral glycoprotein synthesis(More)
Meliacine (MA), an antiviral principle present in partially purified leaf extracts of Melia azedarach L., reduces viral load and abolishes the inflammatory reaction and neovascularization during the development of herpetic stromal keratitis in mice. 1-cinnamoyl-3,11-dihydroxymeliacarpin (CDM), obtained from MA, displays anti-herpetic and immunomodulatory(More)