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Contaminant-related changes in antioxidative processes in the freshwater crustacea Daphnia magna exposed to model redox cycling contaminant were assessed. Activities of key antioxidant enzymes including catalase, superoxide dismutase, glutathione peroxidase and glutathione S-transferases and levels of lipid peroxidation measured as thiobarbituric(More)
Caddisfly larvae of Hydropsyche exocellata were sampled from seven locations receiving increasing levels of urban and industrial waste water discharges along the Llobregat river system (NE Spain) during spring and summer 2003. Locations were selected to include aquatic communities in poor and good ecological state according to measured physicochemical water(More)
In this study, the cladoceran Daphnia magna was exposed to two model organophosphorous and one carbamate pesticides including malathion, chlorpyrifos and carbofuran to assess acetylcholinesterase (AChE) and carboxylesterase (CbE) inhibition and recovery patterns and relate those responses with individual level effects. Our results revealed differences in(More)
Age-related changes in the balance between endogenous pro-oxidative and antioxidative processes in the freshwater cladoceran Daphnia magna (Crustacea) were assessed. The activities of key antioxidant enzymes including catalase, superoxide dismutase and glutathione peroxidase and levels of lipid peroxidation measured as thiobarbituric acid-reactive(More)
Blood biomarkers and levels of major pollutants in eggs and feathers were used to determine pollution effects in nestlings of the Purple Heron Ardea purpurea and the Little Egret Egretta garzetta, sampled on three Ebro River (NE Spain) areas: a reference site, a site affected by the effluents of a chlor-alkali industry and the river Delta. The two impacted(More)
Zebra mussel populations in Ebro and Mijares Rivers (northern Spain) were analyzed to study the mechanisms by which this aquatic species deals with pollution. Variability analyses of mitochondrial cytochrome oxidase I gene and of one nuclear microsatellite were performed for ten populations from the Ebro River and one from the Mijares River. Comparison of(More)
Contaminant related changes in behavioral, phase I and II metabolizing enzymes and pro-oxidant/antioxidant processes in the freshwater mussels Dreissena polymorpha exposed to metals and PCBs were assessed. Behavioral and biochemical responses including filtering rates, key phase I, II and antioxidant enzymes and levels of metallothioneins, glutathione,(More)
Development of stress markers for the invader freshwater zebra mussel (Dreissena polymorpha) is of great interest for both conservation and biomonitoring purposes. Gene expression profiles of several putative or already established gene expression stress markers (Metallothionein, Superoxide dismutase, Catalase, Glutathione S transferase, Glutathione(More)
Acute effects of cypermethrin, a pesticide used to treat ectoparasite infestations of salmon, were assessed using the calanoid copepod Acartia tonsa. A. tonsa has been widely used for hazard assessment of chemicals in the marine environment using acute toxicity tests, but only with randomly selected adults, assuming a sex ratio of 1:1. The present study(More)
Short-term lethal and sublethal responses of the calanoid copepod Acartia tonsa to cypermethrin were compared with life-table responses to assess whether or not it is necessary to use exposure periods longer than 5 days to estimate demographic responses to stress. More specifically, by limiting exposure periods to sensitive age classes (eggs, nauplii,(More)