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Lactic acid bacteria (LAB) are Gram positive bacteria, widely distributed in nature, and industrially important as they are used in a variety of industrial food fermentations. The use of genetic engineering techniques is an effective means of enhancing the industrial applicability of LAB. However, when using genetic engineering technology, safety becomes an(More)
The molecular regulation of methane oxidation in the first fully authenticated facultative methanotroph Methylocella silvestris BL2 was assessed during growth on methane and acetate. Problems of poor growth of Methylocella spp. in small-scale batch culture were overcome by growth in fermentor culture. The genes encoding soluble methane monooxygenase were(More)
Stable isotope probing (SIP) allows the isolation of nucleic acids from targeted metabolically active organisms in environmental samples. In previous studies, DNA-SIP has been performed with the one-carbon growth substrates methane and methanol to study methylotrophic organisms. The methylotrophs that incorporated the labelled substrate were identified with(More)
The mechanism of uptake of benzoic and 2,4-dichlorobenzoic acid (2,4-DCBA) by Alcaligenes denitrificans BRI 3010 and BRI 6011 and Pseudomonas sp. strain B13, three organisms capable of degrading various isomers of chlorinated benzoic acids, was investigated. In all three organisms, uptake of benzoic acid was inducible. For benzoic acid uptake into BRI 3010,(More)
Methane monooxygenase (MMO) catalyzes the oxidation of methane to methanol as the first step of methane degradation. A soluble NAD(P)H-dependent methane monooxygenase (sMMO) from the type II methanotrophic bacterium WI 14 was purified to homogeneity. Sequencing of the 16S rDNA and comparison with that of other known methanotrophic bacteria confirmed that(More)
Methanotrophic bacteria possessing sMMO activity have gained notoriety in recent years due to their ability to oxidize a wide variety of halogenated aliphatic compounds, including trichloroethylene (TCE), and are being used as the basis for developing new bioremediation processes. PCR primers were designed from DNA sequences of the alpha and beta subunits(More)
The green fluorescent protein (GFP) was used as a model protein to study the recombinant protein production by the strain Methylobacterium extorquens ATCC 55366. Scale-up from shake flasks to 20 l fed-batch fermentation was achieved using methanol as a sole carbon and energy source and a completely minimal culture medium. Two different expression vectors(More)
Methanotrophs were enriched and isolated from polluted environments in Canada and Germany. Enrichments in low copper media were designed to specifically encourage growth of soluble methane monooxygenase (sMMO) containing organisms. The 10 isolates were characterized physiologically and genetically with one type I and nine type II methanotrophs being(More)
Two strains of Alcaligenes denitrificans, designated BRI 3010 and BRI 6011, were isolated from polychlorinated biphenyl (PCB)-contaminated soil using 2,5-dichlorobenzoic acid (2,5-DCBA) and 2,4-DCBA, respectively, as sole carbon and energy sources. Both strains degraded 2-chlorobenzoic acid (2-CBA), 2,3-DCBA, and 2,5-DCBA, and were unable to degrade(More)
High-level expression of chromosomally integrated genes in Methylobacterium extorquens ATCC 55366 was achieved under the control of the strong M. extorquens AM1 methanol dehydrogenase promoter (PmxaF) using the mini-Tn7 transposon system. Stable maintenance and expression of the integrated genes were obtained in the absence of antibiotic selective pressure.(More)