Intrathecal or epidural administration of NMDA (N-methyl-D-aspartate) receptors antagonists, in special ketamine and ifenprodil are used to control moderate to severe hyperalgesia in humans. Activation of NMDA receptor usually requires binding of two agonists, glutamate and glycine, in different receptor subunits. Ketamine is a NMDA receptor antagonist and… (More)
The aim of this study was to measure the temporal effects of intramuscular methadone administration on the minimum anesthetic concentration (MAC) of isoflurane in hens, and to evaluate the effects of the isoflurane-methadone combination on heart rate and rhythm, blood pressure and ventilation. Thirteen healthy adult hens weighing 1.7 ± 0.2 kg were used. The… (More)
em anestesiologia veterinária (FCAV/Unesp) Alessandro Rodrigues de Carvalho Martins pelos procedimentos anestesiológicos realizados nos cães.