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BACKGROUND Human papillomavirus (HPV) infection is a powerful prognostic biomarker in a subset of head and neck squamous cell carcinomas, specifically oropharyngeal cancers. However, the role of HPV in non-oropharyngeal sites, such as the larynx, remains unconfirmed. METHODS We evaluated a cohort of 324 laryngeal squamous cell carcinoma (LSCC) patients(More)
The nontarget effects associated with silencing of the N gene in Nicotiana edwardsonii, an amphidiploid species derived from N. glutinosa and N. clevelandii, have been characterized in this study. The N protein confers resistance to Tobacco mosaic virus (TMV), and is representative of a family of nucleotide-binding site leucine-rich repeat proteins present(More)
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