Carlos Alexandre Netto

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Application of single transient forebrain ischemia (ISC) in adult Wistar rats, lasting 2 or 10 min, caused inhibition of Na+,K+-ATPase activity in cytoplasmic membrane fractions of hippocampus and cerebral cortex immediately after the event. In the 2-min ISC group followed by 60 min of reperfusion, the enzyme inhibition was maintained in the cortex, while(More)
Parkinson's disease is a progressive dyskinetic disorder caused by degeneration of mesencephalic dopaminergic neurons in the substantia nigra pars compacta (SNpc) and, to a lesser extent, in the ventral tegmental area (VTA). Tyrosine hydroxylase (TH) is a rate-limiting enzyme for dopamine synthesis, therefore immunohistochemistry for TH can be used as an(More)
It has been shown that emotional stress may induce oxidative damage, and considerably change the balance between pro-oxidant and antioxidant factors in the brain. The aim of this study was to verify the effect of repeated restraint stress (RRS; 1 h/day during 40 days) on several parameters of oxidative stress in the hippocampus of adult Wistar rats. We(More)
Neonatal cerebral hypoxia-ischemia (HI) is an important cause of neurological deficits. The Levine-Rice model of unilateral HI is a useful experimental tool, but the resulting brain damage is mainly restricted to one hemisphere. Since the rat presents morphological and biochemical asymmetries between brain hemispheres, behavioral outcome from this model is(More)
Environmental enrichment (EE) results in improved learning and spatial memory, as well as attenuates morphological changes resulting from cerebral ischemia in adult animals. This study examined the effects of daily EE on memory deficits in the water maze and cerebral damage, assessed in the hippocampus and cerebral cortex, caused by neonatal(More)
Reduction of cerebral blood flow is an important risk factor for dementia states and other brain dysfunctions. In present study, the effects of permanent occlusion of common carotid arteries (2VO), a well established experimental model of brain ischemia, on memory function were investigated, as assessed by reference and working spatial memory protocols and(More)
We have recently demonstrated that high intensity training exercise exacerbates brain damage, while a moderate intensity (2 weeks of 20 min/day of treadmill training) reduces the injury caused by in vitro ischemia, oxygen and glucose deprivation (OGD), to hippocampal slices from Wistar rats. In the present paper, the effect of different running programs on(More)
Rats were submitted to step-down inhibitory avoidance training and to habituation of a rearing response to a tone with a 2-h interval between the two tasks, and were tested for retention of both tasks on the next day. When animals were trained first in inhibitory avoidance and then in habituation, retention of the avoidance behavior was impaired. When the(More)
Organotypic hippocampal cultures have been recently used to study in vitro ischaemic neuronal death. Sub-lethal periods of ischaemia in vivo confer resistance to lethal insults and many studies have demonstrated the involvement of heat shock proteins in this phenomenon. We used organotypic hippocampal cultures to investigate the involvement of heat shock(More)
Accumulating evidence indicates that resveratrol potently protects against cerebral ischemia damage due to its oxygen free radicals scavenging and antioxidant properties. However, cellular mechanisms that may underlie the neuroprotective effects of resveratrol in brain ischemia are not fully understood yet. This study aimed to investigate the potential(More)