Carlos Alberto Saravia Gonçalves

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S100B protein, a calcium binding protein produced and released by glial cells, has been used as a sensitive marker of brain damage. Previous studies have found alterations in peripheral S100B levels in schizophrenic patients on medication. We compared serum S100B levels of 20 medication-free DSM-IV schizophrenic patients and 20 age-gender matched healthy(More)
The S100 proteins are a family of calcium-binding proteins found in the central and peripheral nervous systems of vertebrates. S100beta, the most abundant member of this family in the CNS, mediates calcium signal transduction, and shows neurotrophic, gliotrophic and mitogenic actions that influence the development and maintenance of the nervous system.(More)
Primary astrocyte cultures prepared from neonatal hippocampus, cerebral cortex and cerebellum were morphologically distinct. Cells from hippocampus and cortex were almost entirely protoplasmic, whereas cerebellar astrocytes had many processes; in the absence of serum these differences were accentuated. We compared the immunocontent and secretion of the(More)
The S100B protein belongs to a family of small Ca2+-binding proteins involved in several functions including cytoskeletal reorganization. The effect of S 100B on protein phosphorylation was investigated in a cytoskeletal fraction prepared from immature rat hippocampus. An inhibitory effect of 5 microM S100B on total protein phosphorylation, ranging from 25%(More)
In previous work we showed that phosphorylation of the astrocyte marker glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP) in hippocampal slices from adult rats is dependent on external Ca2+, whereas in slices from immature rats aged 12-16 days postnatal 32P incorporation into GFAP is inhibited by external Ca2+. The nature of this late developmental change in Ca2+(More)
S100B is a calcium binding protein expressed and secreted by astrocytes. Extracellular S100B stimulates the proliferation of astroglial cells and the survival of neurons. Extracellular signal regulated kinases (ERK) are involved in the transduction of proliferating signals in astrocytes. Here we report that S100B significantly increases the activity of ERK(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess whether serum S100B levels could reflect a glial response in patients with epilepsy secondary to neurocysticercosis (NCC) and with idiopathic epilepsy. SUBJECTS AND METHODS Serum S100B levels were measured using an immunoluminometric assay in 20 patients with focal epilepsy related to chronic NCC (NCC group), and 19 patients with focal(More)
Neuromyelitis optica (NMO), an uncommon central nervous system (CNS) demyelinating disease, produces transverse myelitis and severe optic neuritis. IgG-NMO autoantibody, a specific immunoglobulin binding aquaporin-4 water channel protein, confirms that NMO is a different entity to multiple sclerosis. Parallel to cytokine down-regulations found in serum of(More)
The present review describes recent research on the regulation by glutamate and Ca2+ of the phosphorylation state of the intermediate filament protein of the astrocytic cytoskeleton, glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP), in immature hippocampal slices. The results of this research are discussed against a background of modern knowledge of the functional(More)
The ketogenic diet (KD) is a high-fat, low-protein and low-carbohydrate diet included as medical practice against seizure disorders, particularly in children refractory to conventional anti-epileptic drug treatment. However, the molecular basis of its therapeutic effect remains unclear. Considering the growing evidence for the importance of glial cells for(More)