Carlos Alberto Gonçalves

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Genetic and pharmacological studies have suggested that brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) may be associated with the pathophysiology of bipolar disorder (BD). The present study investigated serum BDNF levels in manic, depressed, euthymic BD patients and in matched healthy controls, using an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (sandwich-ELISA). Serum(More)
Bipolar disorder (BD) is a chronic, severe, and highly disabling psychiatric disorder; peripheral markers have been used to assess biochemical alterations associated with BD and/or possibly involved in its pathophysiology. Beyond neuronal commitment, many groups have proposed the involvement of glial activity in psychiatric disorders. Other biochemical(More)
Bipolar disorder (BD) is a prevalent, chronic, severe, and highly disabling psychiatric disorder that is associated with increased morbidity and mortality due to general medical conditions. There is an emerging body of evidence correlating chronic medical conditions with DNA damage. The present study was designed to assess DNA damage in BD patients using(More)
BACKGROUND There has been an increasing interest in the role of oxidative stress in the pathophysiology of bipolar disorder. To explore this further, we evaluated the activity of glutathione peroxidase (GPx), glutathione reductase (GR) and glutathione S-transferase (GST), as well as 3-nitrotyrosine levels and carbonyl content in patients in the early(More)
OBJECTIVE There is an emerging body of data suggesting that oxidative stress may be associated with the pathophysiology of bipolar disorder (BD). In the present study we investigated the oxidative stress profile in two monozygotic twins during a manic episode. METHODS Two monozygotic twins diagnosed as currently manic by the Structured Clinical Interview(More)
There has been an increasing interest in the role of the immune and inflammatory systems in mood disorders. Mood episodes are associated with changes in acute phase proteins such as high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hsCRP). The present study investigated serum hsCRP in manic, depressed, and euthymic BD patients as compared to matched healthy controls.(More)
We have previously demonstrated that acute hyperhomocysteinemia induces oxidative stress in rat brain. In the present study, we initially investigated the effect of chronic hyperhomocysteinemia on some parameters of oxidative damage, namely total radical-trapping antioxidant potential and activities of antioxidant enzymes (superoxide dismutase, catalase and(More)
BACKGROUND Methylphenidate (MPH) is a widely prescribed psychostimulant for the treatment of attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Recently, some studies have addressed the genotoxic potential of the MPH, but the results have been contradictory. Hence, the present study aimed to investigate the index of cerebral and peripheral DNA damage in young(More)
Adipocytes contain high levels of S100B and in vitro assays indicate a modulated secretion of this protein by hormones that regulate lipolysis, such as glucagon, adrenaline, and insulin. A connection between lipolysis and S100B release has been proposed but definitive evidence is lacking. Although the biological significance of extracellular S100B from(More)