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OBJECTIVE To determine the prevalence of migraine and episodic tension-type headache (ETTH) among university students as well as its impact on academic performance and quality of life. BACKGROUND Headache is a very common symptom in clinical practice. The reduced capacities due to migraine can be profound, and more studies are needed to evaluate, in(More)
Magnesium sulphate has been used in the acute treatment of migraines; some studies found it to be a highly effective medication in the acute control of migraine pain and associated symptoms. This randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study assesses the effect of magnesium sulphate on the pain and associated symptoms in patients with migraine without(More)
The aim of this study is to assess, in a double blind randomized clinical trial, the effect of chlorpromazine (CPZ) on the pain and associated symptoms in patients with migraine. Sixty patients with migraine with aura and 68 patients with migraine without aura were assigned at random to receive IV 0.1 mg/Kg CPZ or placebo. We assessed pain intensity,(More)
The International Headache Society (IHS) criteria for headache related to haemodialysis consider that the headaches must begin during haemodialysis and terminate within 24 h. Twenty-eight patients whose headaches started by the time they entered the dialysis programme were prospectively studied. We were not able to classify eight patients that presented the(More)
The migraine-specific triptans have revolutionized the treatment of migraine and are usually the drugs of choice to treat a migraine attack in progress. Different triptans are available in different strengths and formulations including oral tablets, orally disintegrating tablets, nasal sprays and subcutaneous injections. In Europe, sumatriptan is also(More)
BACKGROUND The pathophysiology of the explosive type of headache associated with sexual activity is not completely understood. Five reported cases of patients with thunderclap headache, precipitated by sexual activity, in association with concomitant cerebral arterial narrowing, were found in the literature. METHODS A 44-year-old woman with both coital(More)
OBJECTIVE In this study we compare the clinical features of migraine attacks occurring in the elderly (60 to 70 years) and in younger migraineurs (20 to 40 years). BACKGROUND Studies comparing the clinical features of migraine at different ages are still lacking. These studies are important for a better comprehension of the natural history of migraine, as(More)
BACKGROUND The search for rationality in health expenses in developing countries collides with the lack of effectively conducted epidemiologic studies. PURPOSE To present an estimate of the impact and costs of migraine in the Brazilian public health system and to estimate the impact on these costs and the effectiveness of a model of stratified care in the(More)
Acute headache is a very frequent symptom, responsible for a significant percentage of caseload at primary care units and emergency rooms. Chlorpromazine is easily available in such settings. The aim of this study is to conduct a randomized, placebo-controlled, double-blind study to assess the efficacy of chlorpromazine on the acute treatment of episodic(More)
The purpose of our study was to prospectively evaluate the impact of preventive drug treatment on the quality of life of patients with episodic migraine (EM). Quality of life evaluations can enhance traditional measures of therapeutic efficacy. Thirty-five consecutive EM without aura patients attending a tertiary care unit (Batatais Headache Clinic) entered(More)