Carlos Alberto Arias

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Official guidelines for the on-site treatment of domestic sewage have recently been published by the Danish Ministry of Environment as a consequence of new treatment requirements for single houses and dwellings in rural areas. This paper summarises the guidelines for vertical constructed wetland systems (planted filter beds) that will fulfil demands of 95%(More)
Sorption of P to the bed sand medium is a major removal mechanism for P in subsurface flow constructed reed beds. Selecting a sand medium with a high P-sorption capacity is therefore important to obtain a sustained P-removal. The objective of this study was to evaluate the P-removal capacities of 13 Danish sands and to relate the removal to their(More)
Removal efficiencies and elimination kinetics of 13 pharmaceuticals and personal care products (PPCPs) and BOD5, TSS, and ammonium were evaluated in a pilot vertical subsurface-flow constructed wetland (VFCW) and compared with those obtained by a sand filter. On the basis of the observed removals, the PPCPs studied were grouped in relation to their removal(More)
The P-adsorption capacities of 13 Danish sands were studied by short-term isotherm batch experiments and related to the physico-chemical characteristics of the sands. The maximum P-adsorption capacities (Q) and P-binding energy constants (b) were calculated using the Langmuir-isotherm model. The Freundlich model was also used, but it was not useful for the(More)
The prokaryotic microbial communities (Bacteria and Archaea) of three different systems operating in Denmark for the treatment of domestic wastewater (horizontal flow constructed wetlands (HFCW), vertical flow constructed wetlands (VFCW) and biofilters (BF)) was analysed using endpoint PCR followed by Denaturing Gradient Gel Electrophoresis (DGGE). Further(More)
Occurrence and removal efficiencies of 13 pharmaceuticals and personal care products (PPCPs) as well as BOD(5), TSS and NH(4)(+) were evaluated for the first time in thirteen onsite household secondary wastewater treatment systems, including two compact biofilters followed by Filtralite-P filter units, two biological sand filters, five horizontal subsurface(More)
Microcosm wetland systems (5 L containers) planted with Salvinia molesta, Lemna minor, Ceratophyllum demersum, and Elodea canadensis were investigated for the removal of diclofenac, triclosan, naproxen, ibuprofen, caffeine, clofibric acid and MCPA. After 38 days of incubation, 40-99% of triclosan, diclofenac, and naproxen were removed from the planted and(More)
Sorption of phosphorus (P) to the bed sand medium is a major removal mechanism for P in subsurface flow constructed wetlands. Selecting a sand medium with a high P-sorption capacity is therefore important to obtain a sustained P-removal. The P-removal capacities of 13 Danish sands were evaluated and related to their physico-chemical characteristics. The(More)
Laboratory studies have indicated that calcite may be used in separate, exchangeable filter units in constructed wetland systems to remove phosphorus. Based on these studies we built a full-scale experimental constructed wetland with a calcite-based filter unit to study its performance, under real-life conditions. The system consists of a 2-m3 sedimentation(More)
Pollution mitigation is an important target for restored wetlands, and although there is much information in relation to nutrient removal, little attention has been paid to emerging contaminants. This paper reports on the occurrence and attenuation capacity of 17 emerging contaminants in a restored wetland and two rivers in North-East Denmark. The compounds(More)