Carlos Alberola-López

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A new method for noise filtering in images that follow a Rician model-with particular attention to magnetic resonance imaging-is proposed. To that end, we have derived a (novel) closed-form solution of the linear minimum mean square error (LMMSE) estimator for this distribution. Additionally, a set of methods that automatically estimate the noise power are(More)
In this paper, we focus on the problem of speckle removal by means of anisotropic diffusion and, specifically, on the importance of the correct estimation of the statistics involved. First, we derive an anisotropic diffusion filter that does not depend on a linear approximation of the speckle model assumed, which is the case of a previously reported filter,(More)
A new and complementary method to assess image quality is presented. It is based on the comparison of the local variance distribution of two images. This new quality index is better suited to assess the non-stationarity of images, therefore it explicitly focuses on the image structure. We show that this new index outperforms other methods for the assessment(More)
In this paper we analyze a result previously published about a comparison between two statistical tests used for evaluation of boundary detection algorithms on medical images. We conclude that the statement made by Chalana and Kim (1997) about the performance of the percentage test has a weak theoretical foundation, and according to our results, is not(More)
Noise estimation is a challenging task in magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), with applications in quality assessment, filtering or diffusion tensor estimation. Main noise estimators based on the Rician model are revisited and classified in this article, and new useful methods are proposed. Additionally, all the surveyed estimators are extended to the(More)
New medical imaging modalities offering multi-valued data, such as phase contrast MRA and diffusion tensor MRI, require general representations for the development of automated algorithms. In this paper we propose a unified framework for the registration of medical volumetric multi-valued data using local matching. The paper extends the usual concept of(More)
Practitioners' decision for mechanical aid discontinuation is a challenging task that involves a complete knowledge of a great number of clinical parameters, as well as its evolution in time. Recently, an increasing interest on respiratory pattern variability as an extubation readiness indicator has appeared. Reliable assessment of this variability involves(More)
This paper proposes a novel method to detect anomalies in network traffic, based on a nonrestricted α-stable first-order model and statistical hypothesis testing. To this end, we give statistical evidence that the marginal distribution of real traffic is adequately modeled with α-stable functions and classify traffic patterns by means of a(More)
A method to estimate the magnitude MR data from several noisy samples is presented. It is based on the Linear Minimum Mean Squared Error (LMMSE) estimator for the Rician noise model when several scanning repetitions are available. This method gives a closed-form analytical solution that takes into account the probability distribution of the data as well as(More)