Carlos A Fontes-Ribeiro

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Methamphetamine (METH) is a psychostimulant drug that causes irreversible brain damage leading to several neurological and psychiatric abnormalities, including cognitive deficits. Neuropeptide Y (NPY) is abundant in the mammalian central nervous system (CNS) and has several important functions, being involved in learning and memory processing. It has been(More)
This study aimed to evaluate the efficacy of sitagliptin, a dipeptidyl peptidase IV (DPP-IV) inhibitor, in preventing the deleterious effects of diabetes on the kidney in an animal model of type 2 diabetes mellitus; the Zucker diabetic fatty (ZDF) rat: 20-week-old rats were treated with sitagliptin (10 mg/kg bw/day) during 6 weeks. Glycaemia and blood HbA1c(More)
It is well known that methamphetamine (METH) is neurotoxic and recent studies have suggested the involvement of neuroinflammatory processes in brain dysfunction induced by misuse of this drug. Indeed, glial cells seem to be activated in response to METH, but its effects on microglial cells are not fully understood. Moreover, it has been shown that(More)
Methamphetamine (METH) is a psychostimulant that causes neurologic and psychiatric abnormalities. Recent studies have suggested that its neurotoxicity may also result from its ability to compromise the blood-brain barrier (BBB). Herein, we show that METH rapidly increased the vesicular transport across endothelial cells (ECs), followed by an increase of(More)
INTRODUCTION The aim of this study was to characterize the spontaneous reports of adverse events that were received by the Central Portugal Regional Pharmacovigilance Unit. MATERIAL AND METHODS Spontaneous reports received between 01/2001 and 12/2013 were considered. The annual reporting ratios were estimated. The cases were characterized according to(More)
Tramadol, a central analgesic acting on serotonin neurotransmission, is often co-used with ondansetron, a 5-HT(3) antagonist, for the management of postoperative pain to decrease nausea and vomiting. The aim of the study is to test the hypothesis that this drug combination raises tramadol requirement by patient-controlled analgesia (PCA). Forty patients(More)
AIMS Osteosarcoma is the most common pediatric bone malignancy with high propensity to metastasize and relapse. Emerging evidence suggest that osteosarcoma is sustained by a subset of self-renewing cancer stem like cells (CSCs) relying on mechanisms to evade apoptosis and survive in response to drugs-induced DNA damage. We proposed to decipher the(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the dosage form proportionality and food effect of the final tablet formulation of eslicarbazepine acetate (ESL) in healthy volunteers. METHODS This was a randomized, three-way crossover, single-centre study in 18 healthy volunteers. Subjects received a single dose of oral ESL 800 mg following a standard meal in one period, and(More)
Development of resistance represents a major drawback in osteosarcoma treatment, despite improvements in overall survival. Treatment failure and tumor progression have been attributed to pre-existing drug-resistant clones commonly assigned to a cancer stem-like phenotype. Evidence suggests that non stem-like cells, when submitted to certain(More)
PURPOSE To investigate the bioavailability and bioequivalence of three different formulations of eslicarbazepine acetate (BIA 2-093): 50 mg/mL oral suspension (test 1), 200mg tablets (test 2) and 800mg tablets (reference). DESIGN, SUBJECTS AND METHODS Single-centre, open-label, randomised, three-way crossover study in 18 healthy subjects. The study(More)