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CONSPECTUS: The total world energy demand is predicted to rise significantly over the next few decades, primarily driven by the continuous growth of the developing world. With rapid depletion of nonrenewable traditional fossil fuels, which currently account for almost 86% of the worldwide energy output, the search for viable alternative energy resources is(More)
A flexible metal-organic framework constructed from a flexible linker is shown to possess the capability of separating mixtures of polar compounds (propanol isomers) by exploiting the differences in the saturation capacities of the constituents. Transient breakthrough simulations show that these sorption-based separations are in favor of the component with(More)
Krypton (Kr) and xenon (Xe) adsorption on two partially fluorinated metal-organic frameworks (FMOFCu and FMOFZn) with different cavity size and topologies are reported. FMOFCu shows an inversion in sorption selectivity toward Kr at temperatures below 0 °C while FMOFZn does not. The 1D microtubes packed along the (101) direction connected through small(More)
Adsorption isotherms of pure gases present in flue gas including CO(2), N(2), SO(2), NO, H(2)S, and water were studied using prussian blues of chemical formula M(3)[Co(CN)(6)](2).nH(2)O (M = Co, Zn) using an HPVA-100 volumetric gas analyzer and other spectroscopic methods. All the samples were characterized, and the microporous nature of the samples was(More)
The framework expansion and contraction upon carbon dioxide uptake was studied in a partially fluorinated metal-organic framework, FMOF-2. The results show framework expansion and contraction (breathing) as a function of pressure and temperature. Even at temperatures as low as -30 °C, two phase transitions seem to take place with a pressure step(More)
Low-cost renewable lignin has been used as a precursor to produce porous carbons. However, to date, it has not been easy to obtain high surface area porous carbon without activation processes or templating agents. Here, we demonstrate that low molecular weight lignin yields highly porous carbon with more graphitization through direct carbonization without(More)
Real-time measurement of the energy consumption of wireless sensor network nodes in the field has many interesting applications that range from predicting the remaining battery charge to the energy efficiency assessment of communication protocols. However, designing such a system presents many challenges. In this work we present a measurement method and(More)