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The present study investigates the time course and pattern of movement representation recovery in the motor cortex during the recovery after a peripheral paralysis. To this end a transitory flaccid paralysis of the vibrissae muscle was induced in adult rats that underwent two unilateral injections of 8 U of botulinum toxin (BTX) into a vibrissal pad, at a(More)
A multidisciplinary approach was followed to investigate whether the opioid-like peptide nociceptin/orphanin FQ (N/OFQ) regulates the nigrostriatal dopaminergic pathway and motor behavior. Nigrostriatal dopaminergic cells, which express N/OFQ peptide (NOP) receptors, are located in the substantia nigra pars compacta and extend their dendrites in the(More)
Systemic injections of kainic acid (KA) cause epileptic seizures with delayed neuronal damage in the limbic system, particularly in the hippocampus. KA excitotoxicity activates complex signal transduction events that trigger apoptotic cell death. The c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK) pathway plays an important role in cell death, and the peptide D-JNKI1, a(More)
Beta-amyloid accumulation in brain is a driving force for Alzheimer's disease pathogenesis. Apolipoprotein E (ApoE) represents a critical player in beta-amyloid homeostasis, but its role in disease progression is controversial. We previously reported that the acute-phase protein haptoglobin binds ApoE and impairs its function in cholesterol homeostasis. The(More)
Using the model of infraorbital nerve (IoN) injury, we have studied the role IoN signals have on the developing vibrissal motor system. To this end, in ten rats, the IoN was severed on the day of birth: in five rats, the IoN was repaired to promote axon regeneration (Reinnervated group) while axon regeneration was prevented in the remaining five rats(More)
After motor cortex damage, the unaffected homotopic cortex shows changes in motor output. The present experiments were designed to clarify the nature of these interhemispheric effects. We investigate the vibrissa motor cortex (VMC) output after activity suppression of the homotopic area in adult rats. Comparison was made of VMC output after lidocaine(More)
The effect of unilateral superior colliculus (SC) output suppression on the ipsilateral whisker motor cortex (WMC) was studied at different time points after tetrodotoxin and quinolinic acid injections, in adult rats. The WMC output was assessed by mapping the movement evoked by intracortical microstimulation (ICMS) and by recording the ICMS-evoked(More)
Using the model of facial nerve injury, we have compared the effect of injury in newborn and adult rats on the adult rat motor cortex (M1). To this end, the facial nerve was severed in 10 newborn rats 2 days after birth (Newborn group) and in 10 adult rats (Adult group). In both the Control (contralateral to untouched nerve) and the Experimental(More)
It has been proposed that abnormal vibrissae input to the motor cortex (M1) mediates short-term cortical reorganization after facial nerve lesion. To test this hypothesis, we cut first the infraorbital nerve (ION cut) and then the facial nerve (VII cut) in order to evaluate M1 reorganization without any aberrant, facial-nerve-lesion-induced sensory(More)
Neurons containing the hypothalamic peptides orexin-A (hypocretin 1) and melanin-concentrating hormone (MCH) have been reported numerous roles in the regulation of the sleep-wake cycle, energy balance and feeding behavior. We investigated the response of these cells to repeated administration of low doses of endotoxin lipopolysaccharide (LPS) in mice. Adult(More)
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