Carlo Vergani

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We investigated the effect of long-term, peripheral treatment with enoxaparin, a low molecular weight heparin, in transgenic mice overexpressing human amyloid precursor protein(751). Enoxaparin (6 IU per mouse intraperitoneally, three times a week for 6 months) significantly lowered the number and the area occupied by cortical beta-amyloid deposits and the(More)
An apolipoprotein A-I gene promoter polymorphism, due to an adenine (A) to guanine (G) transition 78 base pairs upstream from the transcription initiation site, was studied by amplification of the corresponding region of the apoA-I gene, DNA sequencing, and allele-specific oligonucleotide hybridization. The frequency of the polymorphism was studied on(More)
Dendritic cells (DCs) are the single most central player in all immune responses. To assess whether DC alterations may contribute to the immune dysregulation that affects the elderly, we investigated the effects of ageing on DCs. We analyzed the number, phenotype and function of peripheral blood DCs from 70 healthy subjects aged 20-92 years by using flow(More)
Transforming growth factor-beta1 (TGF-beta1) acts as an immunosuppressant by inhibiting the expression of several pro-inflammatory cytokines. Its gene contains single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) at codon +10 (T-->C) and +25 (G-->C) that appear to influence the level of expression of TGF-beta1. We investigated these SNPs in 198 healthy controls (HC), 193(More)
In the pathogenesis of Alzheimer disease (AD), it has been proposed that the anti-inflammatory interleukins such as IL-10 regulate beta-amyloid-induced microglial inflammatory responses inhibiting the proinflammatory cytokine IL-6. Since the promoters of the IL-10 and IL-6 genes show single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) (IL-10: -1082 G --> A; IL-6: -174 G(More)
BACKGROUND There is a lack of knowledge concerning the relationship between two closely-linked multidimensional variables: frailty and quality of life (QOL). The aim of this study was to investigate dimensions and correlates of QOL associated with frailty status among community-dwelling older outpatients. METHODS We conducted a cross-sectional survey of(More)
We report on our experience in 20 patients who underwent major thoracoscopic pulmonary resections between October 1991 and November 1992. These consist of 2 left pneumonectomies, 17 lobectomies, and 1 segmentectomy. The indications were strictly limited to benign pulmonary diseases and stage I (TNM) primary lung cancer. A hilar lymphadenectomy was performed(More)
Pro-inflammatory cytokines and acute-phase proteins play an important role in Alzheimer's disease (AD) neurodegeneration, and common polymorphisms of genes controlling their production have been shown to be associated with AD. Tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha is an inflammatory cytokine involved in the local immune response occurring in the central nervous(More)
In our study, we analyzed the coding and promoter regions of the PIN1 gene in a group of 111 Alzheimer's disease (AD) patients looking for a possible genotype-phenotype correlation. The presence of SNPs - which could affect and modify the clinical phenotype of AD patients was also investigated. We identified two single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) at(More)
OBJECTIVES To investigate whether mild cognitive impairment (MCI) with multiple impaired cognitive domains (mcd-MCI) is a prodromal manifestation of vascular dementia (VaD). DESIGN Prospective cohort study. SETTING Geriatric unit of the Ospedale Maggiore Istituto di Ricovero e Cura a Carattere Scientifico, Milan, Italy. PARTICIPANTS Four hundred(More)