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Left ventricular (LV) thrombosis can be found in patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI). No wide multicenter trial on AMI has provided information about LV thrombosis until now. The protocol of the GISSI-3 study included the search for the presence of LV thrombosis in patients from 200 coronary care units that did not specifically focus on LV(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES Recent studies have demonstrated that the sentinel lymph node (sN) can be considered a reliable predictor of axillary lymph node status in breast cancer patients. However, some important issues, such as optimization of the technique for the intraoperative identification of the sN, and the clinical implications of sN metastasis as(More)
BACKGROUND Left ventricular dilatation and a low ejection fraction after acute myocardial infarction are independent indicators of a poor prognosis. ACE inhibitors have been shown to decrease left ventricular dilatation after myocardial infarction. In the GISSI-3 trial, patients were randomly assigned, within 24 h of onset of myocardial infarction symptoms,(More)
To investigate the relationship between airflow limitation and airway inflammation in smokers, we examined paraffin-embedded bronchial biopsies obtained from 30 smokers: 10 with severe airflow limitation, eight with mild/moderate airflow limitation, and 12 control smokers with normal lung function. Histochemical and immunohistochemical methods were(More)
Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy has been investigated mainly at referral institutions. Thus, the clinical history of the disease that emerges from published studies could be influenced by a bias in patient selection. In the present study, we compared the clinical features of an outpatient population of 25 patients who had hypertrophic cardiomyopathy with those(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE We performed a pilot study on 30 consecutive patients undergoing sentinel node (sN) biopsy by radioguided surgery and vital blue dye mapping to determine whether there is a single sN for each breast independent of tumor site or an sN specifically related to the site of the breast neoplasm. METHODS There were 6 groups of 5(More)
BACKGROUND Sentinel lymph node (SLN) staging is currently used to avoid complete axillary dissection in breast cancer patients with negative SLNs. Evidence of a similar efficacy, in terms of survival and regional control, of this strategy as compared with axillary resection is based on few clinical trials. In 1998, we started a randomized study comparing(More)
In the present study, we used echocardiography to investigate the morphologic adaptations of the heart to athletic training in 947 elite athletes representing 27 sports who achieved national or international levels of competition. Cardiac morphology was compared for these sports, using multivariate statistical models. Left ventricular (LV) diastolic cavity(More)
The relation between exercise left ventricular ejection fraction and blood pressure (BP) responses after an acute myocardial infarction (AMI) was investigated. Twenty-eight to 37 days after an uncomplicated AMI, 224 consecutive patients underwent exercise radionuclide angiography in the 40 degrees semisupine position. In 180 patients (group A, 80%), BP(More)
To assess the prognostic value of the response to programmed ventricular stimulation in selected post-acute myocardial infarction (AMI) patients identified at risk of sudden death and spontaneous sustained ventricular tachycardia (VT) (arrhythmic events) by noninvasive, highly sensitive testing, 286 consecutive patients were evaluated prospectively and(More)