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Many attempts have been made to obtain safe and effective analgesia in newborns. Oral glucose-water has been found to have analgesic properties in neonates. We investigated whether other sensory stimulation added to oral glucose provided more effective analgesia than oral glucose alone. In a randomized prospective double-blind trial, we studied 120 term(More)
OBJECTIVES To assess the amplification and distortion of noise in incubators by measuring noise levels from various sources under various conditions. STUDY DESIGN We recorded sound pressure levels (SPL) of background noise, baby crying, alarms and porthole closing with the incubator hood open or closed. Then we tried to reduce the sound level in the(More)
UNLABELLED Due to the progress in fetal surgery, it is important to acquire data about fetal pain. MATERIAL AND METHODS We performed a Medline research from 1995, matching the following key words: "pain" and "fetus", with the following: "subplate", "thalamocortical", "myelination", "analgesia", "anesthesia", "brain", "behavioral states", "substance p". We(More)
UNLABELLED Despite accumulating evidence that procedural pain experienced by newborn infants may have acute and even long-term detrimental effects on their subsequent behaviour and neurological outcome, pain control and prevention remain controversial issues. Our aim was to develop guidelines based on evidence and clinical practice for preventing and(More)
We developed a pain analyzer (ABC analyzer) to perform automatic acoustic analysis of neonatal crying and to provide an objective estimate of neonatal pain. The ABC analyzer uses a validated pain scale (ABC scale) based on three acoustic parameters: pitch frequency, normalized RMS amplitude, and presence of a characteristic frequency- and(More)
The purpose of this study was to assess differences in sound spectra of crying of term newborns in relation to different pain levels. Fifty-seven consecutively born neonates were evaluated during heel-prick performed with different analgesic techniques. Crying was recorded and frequency spectrograms analyzed. A pain score on the DAN (Douleur Aiguë du(More)
According to increasing evidence, hypothermia can significantly improve outcomes in term neonates manifesting asphyxic insult and hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy. Oxidative stress plays a key role in hypoxic-ischemic and inflammatory brain injuries. We investigated the impact of hypothermia on oxidative stress in babies with hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy.(More)
The risk that abortion may be correlated with subsequent mental disorders needs a careful assessment, in order to offer women full information when facing a difficult pregnancy. All research papers published between 1995 and 2011, were examined, to retrieve those assessing any correlation between abortion and subsequent mental problems. A total of 36(More)
AIM We developed and validated a pain scale (ABC scale) for term babies based on acoustic features of crying. METHODS The scale consisted of three different cry parameters: (a) pitch of the first cry; (b) rhythmicity of the crying bout; (c) constancy of crying intensity. These parameters were previously found to distinguish between medium and high levels(More)
The cries of several full term newborns, recorded during blood sampling, were analyzed. Spectro-grams showed the appearance of irregular patterns related to the pain assessed using the method of the DAN scale [3]. In particular, the appearance of Noise concentration Patterns (NP) in spectrograms was related to the increase of the pain suffered by the(More)